African American History
1776 to 1789
1776 - Declaration of Independence
The United States Declaration of Independence is the pronouncement adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on July 4, 1776. Wikipedia
The decision to remove references to slavery was political necessity. In Jefferson's words: ... Those who drafted the Declaration believed that it was better to remove the section dealing with slavery than risk a long debate over the issue of slavery. They needed the support for independence from the southern states.
Slavery - The Declaration of Independence - USHistory.org
Freedom According to the Declaration Of Independence | The Story of Us
Historian Patrick Spero and Morgan Freeman discuss the first draft of the Declaration of Independence, and how one small change altered its meaning. ➡ Subscribe: http://bit.ly/NatGeoSubscribe About The Story of Us With Morgan Freeman: From the award-winning team behind The Story of God with Morgan Freeman comes the new six-part series, The Story of Us with Morgan Freeman. At a time when events seem to be driving cultures apart and splintering our own, Morgan Freeman goes on a global journey to understand how human culture has taken so many remarkable forms. At the root of his quest is a drive to uncover the fundamental forces that keep our societies together, while revealing the common humanity that lies inside each one of us. Vast in his scope of inquiry yet with an intimate approach to each subject, Freeman meets people from all over the globe to explore the strength of belief, the thirst for power, how love shapes us, the role conflict plays in our lives, the spirit of rebellion and the concept of freedom.
HomeSmithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture ... His words in the Declaration of Independence expressed the aspirations of the ... the pursuit of Happiness” to African Americans, indentured servants, or women. ... of Independence (1776) and A Summary View of the Rights of British America ...
What isn't widely known, however, is that Founding Father Thomas Jefferson, in an early version of the Declaration, drafted a 168-word passage ...
slaves. Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration and called slavery an “abominable crime,” yet he was a ...
Declaration of Independence, Slavery section.
Part 1 of 4: Declaration of Independence and Enslaved People
Full lecture, From Revolution to the Civil Rights Movement, available for free at: http://fora.tv/2013/05/17/From_the_Re... A thread of continuity connects the American Revolution and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. It is the world shaking proclamation opening the second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence-"that all men are created equal" and have an undeniable right to "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." It became the centerpiece of African American political beliefs for the next two centuries-not the way it was applied by the Founders, tolerating slavery, but in its full, universal application. Its spirit was invoked by Frederick Douglass and by Abraham Lincoln in the Gettysburg Address and was manifested in the Reconstruction Amendments to the Constitution, especially the 14th. Black protest organizations in the twentieth century cited it as the basis of their attacks on segregation and racial discrimination. Most famously, and convincingly, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., in his "I Have a Dream" speech at the March on Washington in 1963, tied the Declaration, the promise of natural rights from the days of the Revolution, to the demand for the full rights of all Americans.
Glenn Beck uncovers the truth about slavery and America's founders
Glenn Beck was back at the chalkboard this week to take an in-depth look at the United States Declaration of Independence and to expose the progressive campaign to discredit America's founding documents.
What is Juneteenth? The story behind Independence Day for Black Americans
Reckon Reporter Starr Dunigan explains Juneteenth, what it is, and why we all should celebrate it.
1775-1782 - The American Revolutionary War
The American Revolutionary War, also known as the Revolutionary War or the American War of Independence, was initiated by delegates from thirteen American colonies of British America in Congress against Great Britain over their objection to Parliament's taxation policies and lack of colonial representation. Wikipedia
Historians estimate that between 5,000 and 8,000 African-descended people participated in the Revolution on the Patriot side, and that upward of 20,000 served the crown. Many fought with extraordinary bravery and skill, their exploits lost to our collective memory.Feb 11, 2020
7 Black Heroes of the American Revolution - HISTORY
Historians estimate that between 5,000 and 8,000 African-descended people participated in the Revolution on the Patriot side, and that upward of ...
Black Patriots & Loyalists of the American Revolution
An original production by the Cottrell Digital Studio at the Northeast Georgia History Center. www.negahc.org
African-American Soldiers of the Revolutionary War - from "For Love of Liberty"
For Love of Liberty: The Story of America's Black Patriots - From the American Revolution to our battle against Global Terrorism, African Americans have risked their lives in defense of this nation in the dual effort to preserve freedom for their country while attempting to acquire it for themselves. Though their long struggle has been painful and heroic, their profound sacrifices and enormous contributions are finally recognized. Log on to: www.ForLoveOfLiberty.org
American Heritage Series | Episode 22 | Great Black Patriots Part 1 | David Barton
Unknown to most today, black and white soldiers often fought side-by-side in the fierce battles of the Revolutionary War that birthed our nation, and many black leaders played pivotal roles in our government in the 1700s and throughout the 1800s. Why do our classrooms neglect so many of our nation’s great black leaders, including military heroes like Peter Salem, influential pastors like Lemuel Haynes and Richard Allen, Revolutionary spy James Armistead, or U. S. Congressman Joseph Hayne Rainey? Learn about these remarkable leaders and their great spiritual faith and discover little known facts about the early civil rights movement. Uncover the truth of our nation’s black heroes and patriots in the American Heritage Series. America: this is your heritage! Written, Directed by, and Starring David Barton
At the time of the American Revolution, slaves made up at least 25 percent of the ... Black Americans in the revolutionary era: a brief history with documents.
Donate today to preserve Revolutionary War battlefields and the nation's history for generations to come. Donate Now.
For Love of Liberty: The Story of America's Black Patriots
Frank Martin's story details African Americans who fought in all wars to uphold the freedom of the United States (www.forloveofliberty.com). In many cases these men could not own land, earn a living or raise families. During the civil war some slaves fought because they were promised freedom, only to be enslaved once the conflict ended. After World War I, some returning Black soldiers were lynched... in their uniforms. And during World War II German prisoners of war were served in a southern restaurant while a group of Black soldiers were only allowed to eat sandwiches outside. The documentary may make you angry but it will also educate you.
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar Talks About the Black Heroes of the American Revolution
Why aren’t our children exposed to the crucial contributions made by African-Americans toward the independence and formation of the United States? Names like Crispus Attucks, Phillis Wheatley, Peter Salem and James Armistead Lafayette should be mentioned alongside the founders of America. Basketball legend, best-selling author and history buff Kareem Abdul-Jabbar teamed up with the History Channel to create Black Patriots: Heroes of the Revolution. The one-hour documentary shares the African-American experience during the Revolutionary War and the rarely told stories of these overlooked heroes who helped establish this country. “A lot of people are uncomfortable with acknowledging that blacks have a stake in our country and have contributed and deserve better treatment,” Abdul-Jabbar goes on to say, “The Revolutionary War period is important because it is the emergence of America. One of the most important nations in the world, and we don’t know very much about what black Americans contributed to that effort.”
Billy and James: Choices Facing African Americans during the Revolutionary War
Produced for the Shaping the Constitution Web portal at the Library of Virginia's Digital Collections Web site, Virginiamemory.com: Tameka Hobbs, historian and educational programs manager, discusses royal governor Lord Dunmore's 1775 proclamation declaring that slaves who had run away from patriot owners to fight for the British Army would be granted their freedom and the choices this proclamation opened for enslaved African Americans during the American Revolution. In particular, she contrasts the situations of James Lafayette, an African American who worked as a spy for the Continental army, and Billy, an African American man who was arrested for fighting with the British against the Americans.
The Colored Patriots of the American Revolution (FULL Audiobook
1780 - Massachusetts Grants African-Americans Right to Vote
10, 1780: Paul Cuffee and Other Free Blacks Petition for the Right to Vote. Time Periods: Revolution & Constitution: 1765 - 1799. Themes: African American, Laws ..
Decades later Robert Morris became one of two black attorneys in America ... the 1780 Massachusetts constitution African-American men had the right to vote.
1785 - Rev. Lemuel Hayes: First African American ordained as a Christian minister in the United States.
African American hero you've never heard of
African American hero you wont learn about this man at The Smithsonian
23 The Oldest Negro Baptist Church in the United States . ... The first successful worker in this field was the Rev. ... instructed in the Christian religion on our Lord's Day by the missionaries under whose ministry they live. ... Richard Allen was ordained deacon by Bishop Asbury in 1799, and later attained the status of elder.
This Place in History: Lemuel Haynes
An important African American man of many 'firsts' spent 3 decades in West Rutland
Lemuel Haynes was probably the first African American ordained by a mainstream Protestant Church in the United States. Haynes, the abandoned child of an African father and "a white woman of respectable ancestry," was born in 1753 at West Hartford, Connecticut.
Missing: Christian | Must include: Christian
1787 - Northwest Ordinance
The Northwest Ordinance enacted July 13, 1787, was an organic act of the Congress of the Confederation of the United States. Wikipedia
Under the ordinance, slavery was forever outlawed from the lands of the Northwest Territory, freedom of religion and other civil liberties were guaranteed, the resident Indians were promised decent treatment, and education was provided for.
Northwest Ordinances | Definition, Summary, & Significance ...
The Northwest Ordinance profoundly influenced the migration of people, ideas, ... Article 6 in the Ordinance of 1787 simultaneously banned and enforced slavery, ... of 1787 offered the United States its first free zone, its first restriction on black ...
Importation's End. 1787. The Northwest Ordinance forbids slavery, except as ... Black preacher Richard Allen founds the African Methodist Episcopal Church in ...
Northwest Ordinance also protected civil liberties and outlawed slavery in ...
ordinance prohibited slavery and involuntary servitude was not as controversial as it might appear in the context of American history. Previous ...
1789 - The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African Published
Olaudah Equiano, known for most of his life as Gustavus Vassa, was a writer and abolitionist from, according to his memoir, the Eboe region of the Kingdom of Benin. Enslaved as a child in Africa, he was taken to the Caribbean and sold as a slave to a Royal Navy officer. Wikipedia
Olaudah Equiano, c.1789 © Equiano was an African writer whose experiences as a slave prompted him to become involved in the British abolition movement.
Olaudah Equiano, detailed his life journey from African captivity to Atlantic slavery to British freedom. In twelve chapters, ...
Olaudah Equiano (c. 1745–1797) was an extraordinary man who became a ...
The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equian .. (FULL audiobook) - part 1
1789 - U.S. Constitution Adopted
The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America. This founding document, originally comprising seven articles, delineates the national frame of government. Wikipedia
Article 1, Section 9, Clause 1, is one of a handful of provisions in the original Constitution related to slavery, though it does not use the word “slave.” This Clause prohibited the federal government from limiting the importation of “persons” (understood at the time to mean primarily enslaved African persons) where ...
Interpretation: The Slave Trade Clause | The National ...
... 4,400 words. It is the oldest and shortest written Constitution of any major government in the world. ... African Americans were not considered citizens, and women were ... national Thanksgiving Day on November 26, 1789. The reason for the ...
Declaration of Independence, 1776 , When the American colonies broke from ... Yet at the time these words were written, more than 500,000 black Americans ...
slave" does not appear in the Constitution. The framers consciously avoided the word, recognizing that it would sully the document. Nevertheless, ...
Constitution only very obliquely referred to slavery and never used the words slave or slavery because the Framers were embarrassed by the ...