African American History
1919 to 1945
May 25, 1919 - Madam C. J. Walker Dies
The Life of an Inventor & Black History Icon: Madam C.J. Walker | Black History Month
#BlackHistory #BlackHistoryMonth #MadamCJWalker Sarah Breedlove, known as Madam C. J. Walker, was an African-American entrepreneur, philanthropist, and political and social activist. Walker was considered the wealthiest African-American businesswoman and wealthiest self-made woman in America at the time of her death in 1919. Born: December 23, 1867, Delta, LA Died: May 25, 1919, Irvington, NY
This Is How A Woman Born Into Poverty Became The First Female Self-made Millionaire In America
Sarah Breedlove (December 23, 1867 – May 25, 1919), known as Madam C. J. Walker, was an African-American entrepreneur, philanthropist, and a political and social activist. Walker was considered the wealthiest African-American businesswoman and wealthiest self-made woman in America at the time of her death in 1919.
One of America's first self-made female millionaires, Madame C. J. Walker, who was ... Walker, who had made a fortune selling beauty products for black women, was unfazed. ... Black History Month Lesson Plans and Teaching Resources.
You visited this page on 1/23/21.
Madam C.J. Walker - Self Made Millionaire
She was born on a cotton plantation in rural Louisiana to former slaves. And orphaned by the age of seven. She married at 14, a mother at 17 and a widow at 20. A single mother living in poverty. Who was this woman named Sarah Breedlove? Why did she change her name to Madam C.J. Walker and how did she become one of America's first female self-made millionaire? Next on Marking History! This is the historic marker for the Madam C.J. Walker Home, located here in Indianapolis, IN. The story of Madam Walker is a true “rags to riches” story that begins two years after the American Civil War.
Madam C.J. Walker in the National Archives
Madam C.J. Walker, one of the great American entrepreneurs of the early 20th century, was born to former slaves and grew up in destitution. In this Inside the Vaults video short, her great-great granddaughter, A'Lelia Bundles, tells Madam Walker's story with help from documents in the National Archives.
For more information about Madam Walker, visit http://www.madamcjwalker.com.
1919 - Red Summer Race Riots
If We Must Die
If we must die, let it be not like hogs
Hunted and penned in an inglorious spot,
While round us bark the mad and hungry dogs,
Making their mock at our accursed lot.
If we must die, O let us nobly die,
So that our precious blood may not be shed
In vain; then even the monsters we defy
Shall be constrained to honor us though dead!
O kinsmen! we must meet the common foe!
Though far outnumbered let us show us brave
And for their thousand blows deal one deathblow!
What though before us lies the open grave?
Like men we'll face the murderous, cowardly pack,
Pressed to the wall, dying, but fighting back!
If We Must Die. By Claude McKay. If we must die, let it not be like hogs. Hunted and ...
Red Summer: The Pain And Lessons Of The 1919 Chicago Race Riots
A century ago this summer, Chicago was plagued with violent riots that killed nearly 40 Chicagoans – most of them black – and left hundreds injured. CBS 2’s Jim Williams reports on the pain and the lessons to be learned, and talks with a woman who remembers.
The Red Summer
Be Woke Presents Black History in Two Minutes (or so) https://blackhistoryintwominutes.com The events unfolding across the United States today in the wake of the brutal murder of George Floyd, are an eerie repetition of events that marred the history of race relations in this country almost exactly a century ago. The year was 1919, and African American soldiers who came home from the Great War in Europe with hopes that serving their country at last would entitle them to the rights of equal citizenship, found themselves on the lethal end of an outbreak of racial violence so horrific that the civil rights leader James Weldon Johnson called it The Red Summer. In this episode of Black History in Two Minutes (or so) hosted by Henry Louis Gates Jr. — with additional commentary from David Levering Lewis of New York University, Peniel Joseph of the University of Texas and Farah Griffin of Columbia University — we explore some of the underlying factors that ignited one of the most violent race riots in our country’s history.
The "Red Summer" of 1919
In 1919, a rash of anti-Black riots and massacres swept the United States. The events, also called the "Red Summer", caused an awakening that would lead to the Civil Rights era. It is history that deserves to be remembered. This is original content based on research by The History Guy. Images in the Public Domain are carefully selected and provide illustration. As images of actual events are sometimes not available, images of similar objects and events are used for illustration. All events are portrayed in historical context and for educational purposes. No images or content are primarily intended to shock and disgust. Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it. Non censuram.
The Chicago Race Riot of 1919
Red Summer 1919
Hundreds of African Americans died in a little known spate of white mob violence a century ago
The summer of 1919 saw over 20 race riots break out across the United States. Chicago was the site of particularly high violence. In this lesson, students ...
Using Evidence: What were the Red Summer Race Riots? Where did the red summer riots take place? What caused the race riot in Chicago?
1919 - Oscar Micheaux Produces First Film
The Story of Oscar Micheaux (First African American Film Director)
Oscar Devereaux Micheaux was an African-American author, film director and independent producer of more than 44 films. Take a look in the brief history of his achievements.
Oscar Micheaux: The Czar of Black Hollywood [DOCUMENTARY] | Black History
The Czar of Black Hollywood is a 2014 documentary film by Bayer Mack that chronicles the early life and career of African-American filmmaker Oscar Micheaux. Watch Online: https://bit.ly/2UvJMid Purchase DVD: https://amzn.to/2GncywD
daughters! Oscar Micheaux, their fifth child, was born ... Oscar Micheaux formed the Micheaux Film and Book. Company ... Biography and lesson plans created.
From Homestead to Lynch Mob: Portrayals of Black Masculinity in Oscar ... Oscar Micheaux is one of the most influential figures in African American silent cinema. ... Jacobs and Landry face—reaching and teaching others who arrived at Piney Woods, ... Old Ned justifies the present racial system as God's ordained plan.
Within Our Gates (1919) | Silent Film Directed by Oscar Micheaux
Abandoned by her fiancé, an educated negro woman with a shocking past dedicates herself to helping a near bankrupt school for impoverished negro youths. Within Our Gates was created in response to The Birth of a Nation which depicted southern whites in need of the Ku Klux Klan to protect them from blood thirsty blacks. Micheaux shows the reality of Dixie racism in 1920, where a black man could be lynched for being in the wrong place at the wrong time. ##### Reelblack's mission is to educate, elevate, entertain, enlighten, and empower through Black film.
Murder In Harlem (1935) | An Oscar Micheaux Film
Murder in Harlem (also released as Lem Hawkins Confession) is a 1935 American race film written, produced and directed by Oscar Micheaux, who also appears in the film. This is a remake of his (now lost) 1921 silent film The Gunsaulus Mystery. Micheaux later adapted the story into the novel, The Story of Stanfield (1946). Basing the works on the 1913 trial of Leo Frank for the murder of Mary Phagan, Micheaux used the detective genre to introduce different voices and conflicting accounts by his characters. -wikipedia Shared for historical purposes. I do not own the rights.
1920 - 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
The 19th Amendment | History
In 1920, women in the U.S. gained the right to vote - but only after a struggle that lasted more than 70 years! Learn how suffragists fought for the 19th amendment. #HistoryChannel
Dec 17, 2020 — Find all the lesson plans for The Magic Sash podcast in one place. Age range: tweens. Other Resources. Four black women sitting ...
Sep 30, 2020 — Activities to help students learn a more complete history of the women's ... Many Black women, while possessing suffrage on paper, could not ...
The 19th Amendment - A Woman's Right to Vote
1920 - Fritz Pollard and Bobby Marshall were the first African-American players in what is now the NFL
Fritz Pollard & Bobby Marshall Open the Door for Integration | NFL
Fritz Pollard, Bobby Marshall and Paul Robeson were some of the first black athletes to play professional football in the 1920s. Their courage and skill helped pave the way for future athletes to further integrate the league in the modern era, post-World War II.
Fritz Pollard: A Forgotten Man Screening & NAACP Virtual Town Hall
Fritz Pollard: A Forgotten Man tells the story of an individual who refused to be defined by his time, but instead forced the National Football League and the larger society to accommodate the fullness of his potential.
Jan 12, 2018 — That was a lesson Fritz Pollard the elder was well-qualified to teach. Fritz Pollard was born in Chicago in 1894, the seventh of eight children.
June 15, 1921 - Bessie Coleman Received Her Pilot's License in France
Bessie Coleman: The FIRST Female African-American Pilot | The History Guy | History at Hom
The First Female African American Pilot
Feb 7, 2019 — In 1915, Bessie Coleman left Texas and the cotton fields where her parents ... She would put aside some money every month so that, someday, she could fulfill her dream of becoming a pilot. ... She earned her license from the International Aeronautical ... Sign up to receive France-Amérique's newsletter!
1926 - Carter G. Woodson and the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History announced the second week of February to be "Negro History Week"
Dr. Carter G Woodson: "The Father of Black History"
Woodson would choose the second week of February to celebrate Negro History Week because of the birth days of Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln. He also would provide many different types of black institutions with information and instruction on what Negro History Week was and why it had a need to be celebrated. Woodson along with Rayford W. Logan, Charles H. Wesley, Lorenzo J. Green, and A.A. Taylor would become true champions of the history of African people; they used the information they gathered through research to write about and teach an alternative history of African people, this story was different from what African American people were used to being taught. Visit http://ontheshoulders1.com/store/ to download out African history curriculum app.
Feb 1, 2014 — In 1926, Carter Godwin Woodson, out of the material and human ... Diaspora,” each lesson a self-contained essay with lesson plans and ...
Feb 1, 2014 — In 1926, Carter Godwin Woodson, out of the material and human ... Diaspora,” each lesson a self-contained essay with lesson plans and ...
The Story of Carter G Woodson
Learn about the Father of Negro History week created in 1926, later renamed Black History of Month in 1976. Dr. Carter G. Woodson
Carter G. Woodson - African American Trailblazers
The African American Trailblazers honors the African American contribution to the American story and the significant accomplishments of twelve (12) heroic African Americans in areas such as the arts, sciences, politics, education, and business.
April 4, 1928 - Maya Angelou born in St. Louis, MO
Believing that “we are more alike than unalike”, Maya Angelou would be the first to say that as a child of God it was her duty to recognize that everyone else was ...
Biography · Books · Maya Angelou Newsletter · Business Inquiry
Maya Angelou - Civil Rights Activist & Author | Mini Bio | BIO
Marguerite Annie Johnson Angelou (April 4, 1928 to May 28, 2014), known as Maya Angelou, was an American author, actress, screenwriter, dancer, poet and civil rights activist best known for her 1969 memoir, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, which made literary history as the first nonfiction best-seller by an African-American woman. Angelou received several honors throughout her career, including two NAACP Image Awards in the outstanding literary work (nonfiction) category, in 2005 and 2009.
An acclaimed American poet, storyteller, activist, and autobiographer, Maya Angelou was born Marguerite Johnson in St. Louis, Missouri. Angelou had a broad ...
Full Episode: “Maya Angelou” (Ep. 416) | Super Soul Sunday | Oprah Winfrey Network
1931 - The 'Scottsboro Boys' accused
Scottsboro: An American Tragedy
In March 1931, a freight train crowded with homeless and jobless hoboes left Chattanooga, Tennessee, bound for points west. A short time after it crossed into Alabama, a fight erupted between two groups of hoboes, one black and one white. The train was stopped by an armed posse in the tiny town of Paint Rock, Alabama. Before anyone knew what had happened, two white women stepped from the shadows of a boxcar to make a shocking accusation: they had been raped by nine black teenagers aboard the train.
So began one of the most significant legal fights of the twentieth century. Before it was over, the Scottsboro affair — so-named for the little Alabama town where the nine were put on trial for their lives — would divide Americans along racial, political, and geographic lines. It would draw North and South into their sharpest conflict since the Civil War, and yield two momentous Supreme Court decisions.
But for all its historical significance, the Scottsboro story is at its core a riveting drama about the struggles of nine innocent young men for their lives-and a cautionary tale about using human beings as fodder for political causes.
History Through Film
Judge Horton and the Scottsboro Boys (TV Movie 1976)
In 1930s Alabama, nine young black men are accused of raping two white women. The judge in the case, unlike the rest of the town, comes to believe that the boys are innocent, and against all advice from his friends and family, sets them free, which turns the entire community against him.
Director: Fielder Cook
Stars: Arthur Hill, Ellen Barber, Paul Benjamin
Heavens Fall (2006)
Two young woman accuse nine black youths of rape in the segregated South.
Director: Terry Green
Stars: Timothy Hutton, David Strathairn, Leelee Sobieski
“Scottsboro Boys”: A Trial Which Defined an Age. You may save this lesson plan to your hard drive as an html file by selecting "File", then "Save As" from your ...
Apr 29, 2014 — The lessons of the infamous 1930s Scottsboro Boys case in which two young white women wrongfully accused nine ... Lesson Plan Author:.
story of the Scottsboro Boys, nine black teenagers ... eighth-grade students in a lesson that explores the ... Observe a Facing History lesson plan “in action”.
May 5, 2014 — In this lesson, students will read about and discuss the Scottsboro Trials from the 1930s. This miscarriage of ... Scottsboro Trial Lesson Plan.
The trial of the Scottsboro Boys was a historic event in which nine black youths were wrongfully accused and convicted for a crime they didn't commit. Occurring ...
Emory University: The Scottsboro Boys
The Scottsboro Boys were a group of nine black teenagers accused of rape in the 1930s South. The blatant injustice given to them during their trial lead to several legal reforms. Watch as Emory's Associate Professor of African American Studies, Carol Anderson, discusses what happened to these boys both during and after their trial.
March 26, 1931 - "Scottsboro Boys" Falsely Accused of Rape, Arrested
Eighty-six years ago today, nine black Alabama youths were arrested after being falsely accused of rape. Despite evidence of their innocence – including a retraction from one of their accusers – the "Scottsboro Boys" faced years in prison along with numerous trials. In this edition of Moments in Civil Rights History, a collaboration of Comcast and the Equal Justice Initiative, we explore a case that produced more trials, convictions, reversals and retrials than any other in American history.
Scottsboro Boys and the Communist Party
Professor Clarence Taylor of Baruch College discusses the American Communist Party and its part in providing legal representation to the Scottsboro Boys, a group of nine young African American men who were accused of raping two white women in 1931.
Scottsboro Boys: a Pardon Decades in the Making
The Alabama Legislature has taken major steps toward clearing the names of the Scottsboro Boys, more than 80 years after the young black men were convicted by all-white juries of raping two white women. (March 19)
1932-1972: Tuskegee Syphilis study
In 1932, the Public Health Service, working with the Tuskegee Institute, began a study to record the natural history of syphilis in hopes of justifying treatment ...
Tuskegee Syphilis Study
Health Center with Dr.Gerald Deas and other special guest hosts, is presented by the State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center. S.U.N.Y. Downstate is a major scientific research center. Our school of graduate studies has trained some of the world's best scientists and teachers, including Dr. Furchgott, winner of the 1998 Nobel Prize in medicine.
The unknowns about the Tuskegee syphilis study
The reporter who helped end the infamous Tuskegee syphilis study discusses what we may never know about the study's origin or its effects.
The Tuskegee Institute Syphilis Study, or Tuskegee Study, was conducted by ... Lesson Plan: Joe Madison: Tuskegee Institute Syphilis Study Finding Your Roots ...
History Through Hollywood
Miss Evers' Boys (TV Movie 1997)
The true story of the U.S. Government's 1932 Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment, in which a group of black test subjects were allowed to die, despite a cure having been developed.
Director: Joseph Sargent
Stars: Alfre Woodard, Laurence Fishburne, Craig Sheffer
PDF by S Mode · Cited by 120 — PPT Accompaniment for Carolina. K-12's lesson. The Tuskegee. Syphilis. Experiment.
"Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment: A Tragedy of Race and Medicine" by James H. Jones (Oct 29, 2015)
From 1932 to 1972, the United States Public Health Service (PHS) conducted a 40-year deathwatch over the lives of more than 400 black sharecroppers in Macon County, Alabama. In this desperately poor region of the Black Belt, PHS, working in conjunction with state, county, and local health officials, deliberately deceived the men into believing they were receiving the prescribed treatment for syphilis. This was a lie. The men were left grossly under-treated or untreated so that scientists could observe and analyze the natural history of the disease. As a result, more than 100 of the subjects died from complications of syphilis. Rather than dismiss The Tuskegee Study as science gone mad, Dr. Jones offers a sophisticated examination of how well-intentioned professionals can commit great wrongs -- allowing race, class, and scientific curiosity to blind them to the fact that they were victimizing vulnerable members of our society.
Medical Apartheid: Teaching the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. By Gretchen Kraig-Turner. When I think of Black Lives Matter, what comes to mind first is police ...
1936-1966: The Negro Motorist Green Book
The Negro Motorist Green Book was an annual guidebook for African-American roadtrippers. It was originated and published by African-American New York City mailman Victor Hugo Green from 1936 to 1966, ... Wikipedia
Originally published: 1936
Author: Victor Hugo Green
Publisher: Victor Hugo Green
Editor: Victor Hugo Green
Original language: English
The Negro Motorist Green Book was a guidebook for African American travelers that provided a list of hotels, boarding houses, taverns, restaurants, service stations and other establishments throughout the country that served African Americans patrons.
Driving interstate distances to unfamiliar locales, black motorists ran into ... for the inaugural guide bearing his name, The Negro Motorist Green-Book, in 1937.
Feb 6, 2017 — For nearly 30 years, a guide called the “Negro Motorist Green Book” provided African Americans with advice on safe places to eat and sleep ...
From a New York-focused first edition published in 1936, Green expanded the work to cover much of North America. The Green Book became "the bible of black ...
Date of first publication: 1936
Jul 29, 2014 — The Negro Motorist Green Book, popularly known as the Green Book, was a travel guide intended to help African American motorists avoid ...
The Negro Motorist Green Book was created by the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service in collaboration with Candacy Taylor and made possible ...
These images are from The Negro Motorist Green Book 1940 edition. The Green Book, published from 1936 – 1964, served as a guide for African Americans ...
Take a look inside a "Green Book" - Travel Guides for the Jim Crow Era
Did you know that over 300 businesses in North Carolina were listed in the Negro Motorist Green Book? In fact, there were 327. Over the course of several months, Green Book Project staff will research each of these sites before developing an interactive web portal that will allow visitors to explore each site in depth through historical vignettes, stories and images. A traveling exhibition and a series of public programs will be produced to highlight the experiences of African American travelers during the Jim Crow Era in North Carolina, too.
History Through Hollywood
Green Book (2018)
A working-class Italian-American bouncer becomes the driver of an African-American classical pianist on a tour of venues through the 1960s American South.
Director: Peter Farrelly
Stars: Viggo Mortensen, Mahershala Ali, Linda Cardellini
Traveling with "The Green Book" during the Jim Crow era
Racism was a chilling fact of life that, in 1936, inspired "The Negro Motorist Green Book," a guide to businesses that welcomed African American travelers who faced being turned away or threatened in a time of segregation. Martha Teichner talks with cultural historian Candacy Taylor about the importance of this guide to safe travels in the Jim Crow South.
August 1936 - Jesse Owens Wins Four Gold Medals at Berlin Olympics
History Through Hollywood
Jesse Owens' quest to become the greatest track and field athlete in history thrusts him onto the world stage of the 1936 Olympics, where he faces off against Adolf Hitler's vision of Aryan supremacy.
Director: Stephen Hopkins
Stars: Stephan James, Jason Sudeikis, Eli Goree
Jesse Owens: Enduring Spirit
Jesse Owens: Enduring Spirit chronicles the life and times of a Big Ten icon. This 30 minute documentary takes a look back at the trials and triumphs of one of Ohio State University's greatest athletes. Interviews featuring Bill Cosby, Archie Griffin, and Stephanie Hightower.
Enhance your curriculum during Letter Writing Week (January) or Black History Month (February) with this lesson plan.
EL/Civics Lesson Plan. Jesse Owens. Teacher's questions to facilitate discussion. 1) Yesterday and today we talked about Jesse's quote, “We all have dreams.
In this video adapted from American Experience: "Jesse Owens," learn the story of a great American athlete. Owens' medals at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin ...
The 1936 Olympic Games (Jesse Owens Documentary) | Timeline
Check out our new website for more incredible history documentaries: HD and ad-free. http://bit.ly/2O6zUsK
Jesse Owens Rare Interview
WTVT sports anchor/reporter Sherry Taylor speaks with the legendary Jesse Owens on Pulse Plus! Circa 1976.
1937 - Their Eyes Were Watching God by, Zora Neale Hurston
Out of print for almost thirty years, but since its reissue in paperback edition by the University of Illionois Press in 1978, Their Eyes Were Watching God has ...
TEWWG Chapter 1
Nov 24, 2013 — To call Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God an "African American feminist classic" may be an accurate statement—it is ...
History Through Hollywood
Their Eyes Were Watching God (TV Movie 2005)
A drama set in the 1920s, where free-spirited Janie Crawford's search for happiness leads her through several different marriages, challenging the morals of her small town. Based on the novel by Zora Neale Hurston.
Director: Darnell Martin
Stars: Halle Berry, Ruben Santiago-Hudson, Mel Winkler
Zora Neale Hurston's Hometown Legacy | The New York Times
The WPA Guide and Eatonville, Fla. How one famous writer angered then saved her community.
Meet the Past: Zora Neale Hurston
Meet the Past features Kansas City Public Library Director Crosby Kemper III interviewing prominent historical figures (as portrayed by local actors and veteran Chautauqua performers) with Kansas City-area connections. This episode features Zora Neale Hurston, one of the pre-eminent writers of twentieth-century African-American literature.
April 9, 1939 - Marian Anderson Performs at Lincoln Memorial
In 1939, the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) denied Marian Anderson permission to sing at Constitutional Hall in Washington D.C. because she ...
Marian Anderson Biography
Born in Philadelphia, Marian Anderson was an American contralto and one of the most celebrated singers of the twentieth century.
Marian Anderson Performs on the Steps of the Lincoln Memorial: With an Introduction by Harold Ickes
4/9/1939 Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Interior National Archives Identifier: 1729137 This sound recording captures African - American contralto Marian Anderson’s performance on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC. The free open - air Easter Sunday concert was organized after Anderson was denied permission to sing to an integrated audience in Constitution Hall by the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR). The recording also features an introductory speech by Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes, in which he decried prejudice in the United States. DocsTeach: http://docsteach.org/documents/172913... https://catalog.archives.gov/id/1729137
Echoes from Marian Anderson's defiant performance
Marian Anderson, the legendary African-American contralto, sang at the Lincoln Memorial exactly 75 years ago after she was refused a performance at Washington's Constitution Hall. On Wednesday, young people gathered to commemorate Anderson's effort to strike out against racism through the power and beauty of her voice. Jeffrey Brown reports. View more from Marian Anderson: http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/marian...
Marian Anderson Sings at Lincoln Memorial
Marian Anderson, contralto, was denied the right to perform at Constitution Hall by the DAR because of her color. Instead, and at the urging of Eleanor Roosevelt, Harold Ickes permitted her to perform at the Lincoln Memorial on April 9, 1939.
Apr 9, 2020 — Marian Anderson planned on singing at Constitution Hall in Washington, DC, which was ... Grades 3 – 5 | Lesson Plan | Standard Lesson.
1940 - Native Son by, Richard Wright
The Life and Times of Richard Wright
Richard Nathaniel Wright (September 4, 1908 – November 28, 1960) was an American author of sometimes controversial novels, short stories, poems, and non-fiction. Much of his literature concerns racial themes, especially related to the plight of African Americans during the late 19th to mid-20th centuries, who suffered discrimination and violence in the South and the North. Literary critics believe his work helped change race relations in the United States in the mid-20th century. The earliest known usage of the term "Black Power" is found in a 1954 book by Richard Wright entitled Black Power.
Native Son by Richard Wright (Outline & Summary)
Native Son by Richard Wright| A Book Talk
Native Son is a novel written by the American author Richard Wright (1940). It tells the story of Bigger Thomas, a black youth living in utter poverty in a poor area in Chicago's South Side in the 1930s. In my opinion , the way that we move forward here in American is for books like these to be taught in high school and for there to be no sugar coating of the truth of our history . Reading this book might be hard for some , but for those who do pick it up, you’ll not only read a suspenseful book like no other , you will also get some real insight as to how oppressed black America was in the early 1900s prior to any of its movements or protests for equality. So for anyone looking for literature to help make some sense or understand “what the fuss is all about” today on our streets , I advise you to give this story a shot and see the other driving force in this book besides the main character . What’s driving him to act this way , and why ?
Jul 20, 1992 — Richard Wright was thirty-one when “Native Son” was published, in 1940. He was born in a sharecropper's cabin in Mississippi and grew up in ...
through exercises and activities related to Native Son by Richard Wright. It includes eighteen lessons, supported by extra resource materials. The introductory ...
Richard Wright: Mississippi's Native Son lesson plan. Martha Hutson, Clinton, Mississippi. OVERVIEW. Recognized as one of America's greatest writers, Richard ...
Jun 15, 2017 — This is part three of a series of posts about teaching Richard Wright's 1940 novel, Native Son (for part one, click here, and for part two, click ...
In this lesson students will read Richard Wright's Native Son, examine art from The ... www.jimcrowhistory.org/resources/lessonplans/hs_lp_newsca st.html.
History Through Hollywood
Native Son (1951)
In 1940s Chicago, a young black man takes a job as a chauffeur to a white family, which takes a turn for the worse when he accidentally kills the teenage daughter of the couple and then tries to cover it up.
Director: Pierre Chenal
Stars: Richard Wright, Jean Wallace, Nicholas Joy
Native Son (2019)
A young African-American living in Chicago enters into a seductive new world of money and power after he is hired as a chauffeur for an affluent businessman.
Director: Rashid Johnson
Stars: Ashton Sanders, Margaret Qualley, Nick Robinson
A young African American man in Chicago navigates a perilous world of money and power in this adaptation of Richard Wright's novel.
1940 - Dr. Charles Drew, first African American to get his doctorate from Columbia University
Drew to Mrs. J. F. Bates, a Fort Worth, Texas schoolteacher, January 27, 1947. Charles Richard Drew, the African American surgeon and researcher who organized America's first large-scale blood bank and trained a generation of black physicians at Howard University, was born in Washington, DC, on June 3, 1904.
Dr. Charles Drew: The Man Who Saved a Million Soldiers' Lives
During African American History Month we celebrate Charles Drew, who revolutionized the blood collection and distribution process and developed large-scale blood banks, allowing medics to save untold numbers of lives during World War II. Drew’s methods are still used to save lives in the armed forces today. http://www.dvidshub.net/video/508667/...
Apr 27, 2017 — A pioneering African American medical researcher, Dr. Charles R. Drew made some groundbreaking discoveries in the storage and processing ...
Almost immediately rumors spread that Dr. Charles R. Drew, the internationally famous inventor of the blood bank, had died because a White hospital refused to ...
Dr. Charles Richard Drew broke barriers in a racially divided America to become one of the most important scientists of the 20th century. His pioneering research ...
Biography of Charles R. Drew - African American Inventor
The biography of Dr. Charles R. Drew - African American inventor, surgeon, medical researcher, athlete, and professor. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCFdK...
Dr. Charles Drew: Surgeon and physician who developed the first Blood banks before Red Cross did.
This video is about Dr Charles Drew. HE was an African American surgeon, physician and medical researcher who developed improved techniques for blood storage an started the worlds first blood bank during World War II. His methods were adapted by the Red Cross. Enjoy!
October 25, 1940 - Benjamin O. Davis Sr. becomes first African American general in the US military
Dec 12, 2019 — Benjamin O. Davis, Sr., was born in Washington, D.C., on July 1, 1877. He entered the military service on July 13, 1898, during the War with ...
Gen. Benjamin O. Davis Jr.- "Destined to Lead"
Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Interview (1970)
Date: ca. 1970 Description: This episode from the Air Force television program "Air Force Now" contains an interview with Tuskegee Airman Lt. Gen. Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.. From the US National Archives. ##### Reelblack's mission is to educate, elevate, entertain, enlighten, and empower through Black film. If there is content shared on this platform that you feel infringes on your intellectual property, please email me at Reelblack@mail.com and firstname.lastname@example.org with details and it will be promptly removed.
African American General Benjamin O. Davis, Sr 1954
World War II- Red Tail Ceremony with Benjamin O. Davis Senior
Lt. Colonel Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. led the 99th Pursuit Squadron. He was the first black officer to solo an Army Air Corp aircraft. He and other airmen are decorated by his father, the Army's first black General, Benjamin O. Davis, Sr.
Oct 23, 2017 — Benjamin O. Davis Sr. was the first African American to be named a general in the American military. Davis claimed to have been born on July 1 ...
February 29, 1940 - Hattie McDaniel first African American to win an Oscar
Hattie McDaniel was an American actress, singer-songwriter, and comedian. She won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role as "Mammy” in Gone with the Wind, becoming the first African American to win an Oscar. Wikipedia
May 5, 2020 — Everything to Know About the Real Hattie McDaniel Before Watching Hollywood · She started her career in entertainment by touring in a troupe.
May 6, 2020 — Queen Latifah portrays Hattie McDaniel, the first Black American to win an Academy Award. Thanks to Ryan Murphy's Hollywood, we now know a ...
Hattie McDaniel winning Best Supporting Actress
Fay Bainter presenting Hattie McDaniel with the Oscar® for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in "Gone With The Wind" at the 12th Academy Awards® in 1940.
March 29, 1941 - Eleanor Roosevelt Climbs Into Airplane With Tuskegee Flight Instructor
Eleanor Roosevelt Visits Tuskegee | Birds of a Feather
First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt visits Tuskegee and truly goes against the times!
Eleanor Roosevelt Flies at Moton Field - Tuskegee Airman Leroy Ely
On April 3, 1939, President Roosevelt approved Public Law 18, that provided for an ... the Tuskegee Airmen, the first black military personnel in the flying school.
Missing: Climbs | Must include: Climbs
January 23, 1943 - Duke Ellington's Black, Brown and Beige debuted at Carnegie Hall
Audie Cornish: The title Black, Brown and Beige refers to three movements of a suite, and each one ...
The Legacy of Duke Ellington's "Black, Brown, and Beige"
Music scholar Greg Thomas discusses the lasting legacy of Duke Ellington's 1943 masterwork "Black, Brown, and Beige" Learn more by visiting the Jazz Academy at http://academy.jazz.org
Provided to YouTube by The Orchard Enterprises Work Song · Duke Ellington And His Orchestra
Duke Ellington - Pianist & Songwriter | Mini Bio | BIO
Duke Ellington was born April 29, 1899, in Washington, D.C. A major figure in the history of jazz music, his career spanned more than half a century, during which time he composed thousands of songs for the stage, screen and contemporary songbook. He created one of the most distinctive ensemble sounds in Western music and continued to play what he called "American Music" until shortly before his death in 1974.
Dec 12, 2002 — Born in Washington D.C. in 1899, Edward Kennedy Ellington, better known as “Duke,” began playing piano as a child. His mother, who also ...
May 19, 2007 — Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington is one of the greatest jazz composers, performers, and bandleaders in American history. His compositions ...
Duke Ellington was one of the most important creative forces in the music of the ... He was born Edward Kennedy Ellington in Washington, D.C. on April 29, 1899 ...
Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington was born on 29 April 1899 in Washington D.C.. As well as leading his famed orchestra from the piano chair, he is considered ...
1941-1945 - World War II
Fighting for the Right to Fight: African American Attitudes About WWII. 9. LESSON PLAN: Fighting in the Jim Crow Army: African American Soldiers'. Experiences ...
During the war, the "Double V" campaign of the black press called for victory over fascism abroad and racism at home. In this lesson, students will investigate ...
The Double V Campaign of World War II
The Double V Campaign was launched by a prominent black newspaper, the Pittsburgh Courier, in 1942. The campaign came in response to buzz generated from a letter written by a young black man, James G. Thompson. His article, entitled, “Should I Sacrifice to Live ‘Half-American”, broke barriers and started a conversation nationally that many blacks had been having for generations. As the nation claimed victory in World War II, many black veterans carried their excitement back home. The charge was clear: victory over fascism abroad and victory over racism at home. This assertion came in response to decades of expecting African-Americans to choose patriotism in times of war, but not experience equal protection of the law at home. In this episode of 'Black History in Two Minutes or So' hosted by Henry Louis Gates Jr. — with additional commentary from Farah Griffin of Columbia University and Peniel Joseph from the University of Texas — we explore a campaign that ignited many African-Americans to take down Jim Crow laws and become key players in the civil rights movement.
Feb 27, 2020 — During WWII, more than 2.5 million African American men registered for the draft, and African American women volunteered in large numbers.
African American Units of WWII
Did you know the accomplishments of the Black Panthers during WWII?! Segregated units in WWII held some amazing accomplishments.
Lieutenant John Fox, Medal of Honor Recipient of the 92nd Division
A native of Ohio, John Fox attended ROTC at Wilberforce University and received a commission as a second lieutenant with the US Army in 1941. He was assigned to the segregated 92nd Infantry Division. Serving as a forward observer with the 598th Artillery Battalion as the Germans overran the village of Sommocolonia in Italy on December 26, 1944, Fox called for strikes near his observation position. When the artillery strikes failed to halt the Germans, Fox called for artillery directly on his position. His body was amidst over 100 dead Germans three days later. He was awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously in 1997.
Sep 15, 2020 — Black Americans recognized the paradox of fighting a world war for the ... in this leaflet illustrate African-American participation in World War II.
The Invisible Soldiers (Blacks in WWII Documentary)
The full title of this documentary, released on VHS videotape in 2000, is "The Invisible Soldiers: Unheard Voices," and it tells the stories of the more than one million African-American soldiers who served in the United States armed forces during World War II.
AFRICAN AMERICANS IN WORLD WAR ii. Fighting for a Double Victory ... Many drove for the famous “Red Ball Express,” which carried a half million tons of ...
African-American Roles in the Armed Forces. During World War 2. The Chennault Aviation & Military Museum. 701 Kansas Lane. Monroe, LA 71203. (318) 362- ...
African-Americans in WWII. Lesson Plan: _African-Americans in World War II Grade Level: _9-12_. Subject/Topic Areas: _US History II_. Key Words: _WWII, African ...
The 92nd Infantry Division
In recognition of #AfricanAmericanHistoryMonth, U. S. Army North (Fifth Army) celebrates the history, heroism and accomplishments of the "Buffalo Soldiers" of the 92nd Infantry Division who served under Fifth Army during WWII.
African American Women during WW2
Learn about the contributions and success the African American Woman had during World War 2.
Evaluate images (photographs, political cartoons, political cartoons and written documents via individual and cooperation learning activities · Think and read ...
The Tuskegee Airmen: The 332nd Expeditionary Operations Group and the 477th Bombardment Group of the United States Army Air Forces
Tuskegee Airmen" refers to the men and women who were involved in the "Tuskegee Experience" - the Army Air Corps program to train African Americans to fly, ...
About · Legacy · Youth · Press room
Anyone -- man or woman, military or civilian, black or white- - who served at Tuskegee Army Air Field or in any of the programs stemming from the "Tuskegee ...
Who Were the Tuskegee Airmen? | Dogfights | History
The Tuskegee Airmen were a group of pilots who overcame racism and prejudice, becoming decorated war heroes of WWII. From Dogfights, Season 2, "Tuskegee Airmen." #Dogfights
Double Victory: The Tuskegee Airmen at War | Full-Length 90 Min. Documentary | Lucasfilm
Learn the story of the heroic Tuskegee Airmen, America’s first Black military flying unit during World War II. This feature-length documentary was produced and created by Lucasfilm in 2012.
They were a group of African-American pilots that helped the Allies win World War II -- and helped break the military color barrier.
History Through Hollywood
The Tuskegee Airmen (TV Movie 1995)
The true story of how a group of African American pilots overcame racist opposition to become one of the finest US fighter groups in World War II
Director: Robert Markowitz
Stars: Laurence Fishburne, Allen Payne, Malcolm-Jamal Warner
Red Tails (2012)
A crew of African American pilots in the Tuskegee training program, having faced segregation while kept mostly on the ground during World War II, are called into duty under the guidance of Col. A.J. Bullard.
Director: Anthony Hemingway
Stars: Cuba Gooding Jr., Gerald McRaney, David Oyelowo
Tuskegee Airmen Documentary
Hampton City Schools Media - Tuskegee Airmen Documentary
Mar 3, 2020 — Following guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and state and local public health authorities, park operations continue ...
The Tuskegee Airmen were a group of African-American and Caribbean-born military pilots (fighter and bomber) who fought in World War II. They formed the ...
The Tuskegee Airmen. African American Pilots During WWII. By MARY L. MANN. AHTC Summer Institute 2007. Abstract: February is designated African ...
The Red Ball Express
Aug 21, 2019 — Among the 6000 truck drivers who supplied Patton's Army during World War II was SGT Roland Piggee, father of LTG Aundre Piggee.
World War II- Red Ball Express
In France, the Army Transportation Corps created a huge trucking operation called the 'Red Ball Express' to supply General George Patton's troops. Most of its drivers were black. On an average day, 900 fully-loaded vehicles were on the Red Ball route, around the clock.
France '44: The Red Ball Express
After controlling continental Europe for years, German defenders were rolled back by Allied forces until the devastated Third Reich was forced to capitulate in May 1945. This victory would not have been possible without an unrelenting Allied sustainment effort. “France ’44: The Red Ball Express” demonstrates how logistics led to the liberation of Europe and the demise of Nazi Germany. Intertwining current Army doctrine with the incredible story of the Red Ball Express, this film examines the logistical successes and challenges sustainment planners encountered in the European Theater of Operations. Produced in collaboration with Combined Arms Support Command (CASCOM), “France ’44: The Red Ball Express” provides important sustainment lessons for supporting large-scale combat operations that remain relevant today.
AFRICAN AMERICANS IN WORLD WAR II RED BALL EXPRESS "TEAMWORK" FILM 53254
An underappreciated sequel of sorts to the film "The Negro Soldier", “Teamwork” is a US War Department black-and-white training film directed at African Americans on the subject of team work. The film's production history is chronicled in the book "Making Movies Black" by Thomas Cripps, "Teamwork" was almost not made, as the Army by 1944 viewed such films as superfluous. Fortunately for filmmaker Carlton Moss, General Lyman Munson, Anatol Litvak and Frank Capra saw things differently. The result is a film that as Cripps states, "set a black agenda in that it literally promised African Americans an enhanced status in the postwar world in return for their service during the war."
History Through Hollywood
Red Ball Express (1952)
Story of the military truck drivers who kept the Allied armies supplied in Europe during World War II.
Director: Budd Boetticher
Stars: Jeff Chandler, Alex Nicol, Charles Drake
Feb 19, 2015 — Rookard, still a teenager during World War II, was one of hundreds of black soldiers drawn from the Army Quartermaster Corps to form the Red Ball Express – a truck convoy system made predominantly of African-American drivers that served as the supply route of Patton's Third Army.
"ROLLING TO THE RHINE" RED BALL EXPRESS WWII AFRICAN AMERICAN TRUCK DRIVERS IN EUROPE 80560
This WWII film profiles the Red Ball Express, an enormous truck convoy system that supplied Allied forces moving quickly through Europe after breaking out from the D-Day beaches in Normandy in 1944. The route, marked with red balls, was closed to civilian traffic; the trucks were marked with the same red balls and also given priority on regular roads. The system, which originated in an urgent 36-hour meeting, began operating on August 25, 1944. It ran until November 16, when the port facilities at Antwerp, Belgium, were opened, some French rail lines were repaired, and portable gasoline pipelines were deployed. The Red Ball Express was primarily operated by African-American soldiers.
'Red Ball Express' truck driver remembers the Battle of Normandy
'Red Ball Express' truck driver remembers the Battle of Normandy
The goal of this lesson is to explain the vital role of the. Red Ball Express, and more specifically, African Americans serving in Western Europe. This lesson will ...
The goal of this lesson is to explain the vital role of the Red Ball Express, and more ... create cohesion, and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.