1919 to 1945
May 25, 1919 - Madam C. J. Walker Dies
The Life of an Inventor & Black History Icon: Madam C.J. Walker | Black History Month
#BlackHistory #BlackHistoryMonth #MadamCJWalker Sarah Breedlove, known as Madam C. J. Walker, was an African-American entrepreneur, philanthropist, and political and social activist. Walker was considered the wealthiest African-American businesswoman and wealthiest self-made woman in America at the time of her death in 1919. Born: December 23, 1867, Delta, LA Died: May 25, 1919, Irvington, NY
This Is How A Woman Born Into Poverty Became The First Female Self-made Millionaire In America
Sarah Breedlove (December 23, 1867 – May 25, 1919), known as Madam C. J. Walker, was an African-American entrepreneur, philanthropist, and a political and social activist. Walker was considered the wealthiest African-American businesswoman and wealthiest self-made woman in America at the time of her death in 1919.
Madam C.J. Walker - Self Made Millionaire
She was born on a cotton plantation in rural Louisiana to former slaves. And orphaned by the age of seven. She married at 14, a mother at 17 and a widow at 20. A single mother living in poverty. Who was this woman named Sarah Breedlove? Why did she change her name to Madam C.J. Walker and how did she become one of America's first female self-made millionaire? Next on Marking History! This is the historic marker for the Madam C.J. Walker Home, located here in Indianapolis, IN. The story of Madam Walker is a true “rags to riches” story that begins two years after the American Civil War.
Madam C.J. Walker in the National Archives
Madam C.J. Walker, one of the great American entrepreneurs of the early 20th century, was born to former slaves and grew up in destitution. In this Inside the Vaults video short, her great-great granddaughter, A'Lelia Bundles, tells Madam Walker's story with help from documents in the National Archives.
For more information about Madam Walker, visit http://www.madamcjwalker.com.
1919 - Red Summer Race Riots
If We Must Die
If we must die, let it be not like hogs
Hunted and penned in an inglorious spot,
While round us bark the mad and hungry dogs,
Making their mock at our accursed lot.
If we must die, O let us nobly die,
So that our precious blood may not be shed
In vain; then even the monsters we defy
Shall be constrained to honor us though dead!
O kinsmen! we must meet the common foe!
Though far outnumbered let us show us brave
And for their thousand blows deal one deathblow!
What though before us lies the open grave?
Like men we'll face the murderous, cowardly pack,
Pressed to the wall, dying, but fighting back!
If We Must Die by Claude McKay | Poetry Foundationwww.poetryfoundation.org › Poems
If We Must Die. By Claude McKay. If we must die, let it not be like hogs. Hunted and ...
Red Summer: The Pain And Lessons Of The 1919 Chicago Race Riots
A century ago this summer, Chicago was plagued with violent riots that killed nearly 40 Chicagoans – most of them black – and left hundreds injured. CBS 2’s Jim Williams reports on the pain and the lessons to be learned, and talks with a woman who remembers.
The Red Summer
Be Woke Presents Black History in Two Minutes (or so) https://blackhistoryintwominutes.com The events unfolding across the United States today in the wake of the brutal murder of George Floyd, are an eerie repetition of events that marred the history of race relations in this country almost exactly a century ago. The year was 1919, and African American soldiers who came home from the Great War in Europe with hopes that serving their country at last would entitle them to the rights of equal citizenship, found themselves on the lethal end of an outbreak of racial violence so horrific that the civil rights leader James Weldon Johnson called it The Red Summer. In this episode of Black History in Two Minutes (or so) hosted by Henry Louis Gates Jr. — with additional commentary from David Levering Lewis of New York University, Peniel Joseph of the University of Texas and Farah Griffin of Columbia University — we explore some of the underlying factors that ignited one of the most violent race riots in our country’s history.
The "Red Summer" of 1919
In 1919, a rash of anti-Black riots and massacres swept the United States. The events, also called the "Red Summer", caused an awakening that would lead to the Civil Rights era. It is history that deserves to be remembered. This is original content based on research by The History Guy. Images in the Public Domain are carefully selected and provide illustration. As images of actual events are sometimes not available, images of similar objects and events are used for illustration. All events are portrayed in historical context and for educational purposes. No images or content are primarily intended to shock and disgust. Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it. Non censuram.
The Chicago Race Riot of 1919
Red Summer 1919
Hundreds of African Americans died in a little known spate of white mob violence a century ago
1919 - Oscar Micheaux Produces First Film
The Story of Oscar Micheaux (First African American Film Director)
Oscar Devereaux Micheaux was an African-American author, film director and independent producer of more than 44 films. Take a look in the brief history of his achievements.
Oscar Micheaux: The Czar of Black Hollywood [DOCUMENTARY] | Black History
The Czar of Black Hollywood is a 2014 documentary film by Bayer Mack that chronicles the early life and career of African-American filmmaker Oscar Micheaux. Watch Online: https://bit.ly/2UvJMid Purchase DVD: https://amzn.to/2GncywD
Within Our Gates (1919) | Silent Film Directed by Oscar Micheaux
Abandoned by her fiancé, an educated negro woman with a shocking past dedicates herself to helping a near bankrupt school for impoverished negro youths. Within Our Gates was created in response to The Birth of a Nation which depicted southern whites in need of the Ku Klux Klan to protect them from blood thirsty blacks. Micheaux shows the reality of Dixie racism in 1920, where a black man could be lynched for being in the wrong place at the wrong time. ##### Reelblack's mission is to educate, elevate, entertain, enlighten, and empower through Black film.
Murder In Harlem (1935) | An Oscar Micheaux Film
Murder in Harlem (also released as Lem Hawkins Confession) is a 1935 American race film written, produced and directed by Oscar Micheaux, who also appears in the film. This is a remake of his (now lost) 1921 silent film The Gunsaulus Mystery. Micheaux later adapted the story into the novel, The Story of Stanfield (1946). Basing the works on the 1913 trial of Leo Frank for the murder of Mary Phagan, Micheaux used the detective genre to introduce different voices and conflicting accounts by his characters. -wikipedia Shared for historical purposes. I do not own the rights.
1920 - 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
The 19th Amendment | History
In 1920, women in the U.S. gained the right to vote - but only after a struggle that lasted more than 70 years! Learn how suffragists fought for the 19th amendment. #HistoryChannel
The 19th Amendment - A Woman's Right to Vote
1920 - Fritz Pollard and Bobby Marshall were the first African-American players in what is now the NFL
Fritz Pollard & Bobby Marshall Open the Door for Integration | NFL
Fritz Pollard, Bobby Marshall and Paul Robeson were some of the first black athletes to play professional football in the 1920s. Their courage and skill helped pave the way for future athletes to further integrate the league in the modern era, post-World War II.
Fritz Pollard: A Forgotten Man Screening & NAACP Virtual Town Hall
Fritz Pollard: A Forgotten Man tells the story of an individual who refused to be defined by his time, but instead forced the National Football League and the larger society to accommodate the fullness of his potential.
June 15, 1921 - Bessie Coleman Receives Her Pilot's License in France
The Daredevil Pilot That History Forgot
Bessie Coleman was born in 1892 to a sharecropping family in rural Texas. One of thirteen children, she spent her childhood picking cotton and doing laundry for white families. Despite all odds, she would become the first African American woman pilot, and the first African American to obtain an international license to fly. Her daredevil aerial performances still inspire pilots today. Read more: https://www.theatlantic.com/video/ind...
The First Female African American Pilot
1926 - Carter G. Woodson and the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History announced the second week of February to be "Negro History Week"
Dr. Carter G Woodson: "The Father of Black History"
Woodson would choose the second week of February to celebrate Negro History Week because of the birth days of Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln. He also would provide many different types of black institutions with information and instruction on what Negro History Week was and why it had a need to be celebrated. Woodson along with Rayford W. Logan, Charles H. Wesley, Lorenzo J. Green, and A.A. Taylor would become true champions of the history of African people; they used the information they gathered through research to write about and teach an alternative history of African people, this story was different from what African American people were used to being taught. Visit http://ontheshoulders1.com/store/ to download out African history curriculum app.
The Story of Carter G Woodson
Learn about the Father of Negro History week created in 1926, later renamed Black History of Month in 1976. Dr. Carter G. Woodson
Carter G. Woodson - African American Trailblazers
The African American Trailblazers honors the African American contribution to the American story and the significant accomplishments of twelve (12) heroic African Americans in areas such as the arts, sciences, politics, education, and business.
August 1936 - Jesse Owens Wins Four Gold Medals at Berlin Olympics
History Through Hollywood
Jesse Owens' quest to become the greatest track and field athlete in history thrusts him onto the world stage of the 1936 Olympics, where he faces off against Adolf Hitler's vision of Aryan supremacy.
Director: Stephen Hopkins
Stars: Stephan James, Jason Sudeikis, Eli Goree
Jesse Owens: Enduring Spirit
Jesse Owens: Enduring Spirit chronicles the life and times of a Big Ten icon. This 30 minute documentary takes a look back at the trials and triumphs of one of Ohio State University's greatest athletes. Interviews featuring Bill Cosby, Archie Griffin, and Stephanie Hightower.
The 1936 Olympic Games (Jesse Owens Documentary) | Timeline
Check out our new website for more incredible history documentaries: HD and ad-free. http://bit.ly/2O6zUsK
Jesse Owens Rare Interview
WTVT sports anchor/reporter Sherry Taylor speaks with the legendary Jesse Owens on Pulse Plus! Circa 1976.
April 9, 1939 - Marian Anderson Performs at Lincoln Memorial
Marian Anderson Biography
Born in Philadelphia, Marian Anderson was an American contralto and one of the most celebrated singers of the twentieth century.
Marian Anderson Performs on the Steps of the Lincoln Memorial: With an Introduction by Harold Ickes
4/9/1939 Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Interior National Archives Identifier: 1729137 This sound recording captures African - American contralto Marian Anderson’s performance on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC. The free open - air Easter Sunday concert was organized after Anderson was denied permission to sing to an integrated audience in Constitution Hall by the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR). The recording also features an introductory speech by Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes, in which he decried prejudice in the United States. DocsTeach: http://docsteach.org/documents/172913... https://catalog.archives.gov/id/1729137
Echoes from Marian Anderson's defiant performance
Marian Anderson, the legendary African-American contralto, sang at the Lincoln Memorial exactly 75 years ago after she was refused a performance at Washington's Constitution Hall. On Wednesday, young people gathered to commemorate Anderson's effort to strike out against racism through the power and beauty of her voice. Jeffrey Brown reports. View more from Marian Anderson: http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/marian...
Marian Anderson Sings at Lincoln Memorial
Marian Anderson, contralto, was denied the right to perform at Constitution Hall by the DAR because of her color. Instead, and at the urging of Eleanor Roosevelt, Harold Ickes permitted her to perform at the Lincoln Memorial on April 9, 1939.
March 29, 1941 - Eleanor Roosevelt Climbs Into Airplane With Tuskegee Flight Instructor
Eleanor Roosevelt Visits Tuskegee | Birds of a Feather
First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt visits Tuskegee and truly goes against the times!
Eleanor Roosevelt Flies at Moton Field - Tuskegee Airman Leroy Ely
1941-1945 - World War II
The Double V Campaign of World War II
The Double V Campaign was launched by a prominent black newspaper, the Pittsburgh Courier, in 1942. The campaign came in response to buzz generated from a letter written by a young black man, James G. Thompson. His article, entitled, “Should I Sacrifice to Live ‘Half-American”, broke barriers and started a conversation nationally that many blacks had been having for generations. As the nation claimed victory in World War II, many black veterans carried their excitement back home. The charge was clear: victory over fascism abroad and victory over racism at home. This assertion came in response to decades of expecting African-Americans to choose patriotism in times of war, but not experience equal protection of the law at home. In this episode of 'Black History in Two Minutes or So' hosted by Henry Louis Gates Jr. — with additional commentary from Farah Griffin of Columbia University and Peniel Joseph from the University of Texas — we explore a campaign that ignited many African-Americans to take down Jim Crow laws and become key players in the civil rights movement.
African American Units of WWII
Did you know the accomplishments of the Black Panthers during WWII?! Segregated units in WWII held some amazing accomplishments.
The Invisible Soldiers (Blacks in WWII Documentary)
The full title of this documentary, released on VHS videotape in 2000, is "The Invisible Soldiers: Unheard Voices," and it tells the stories of the more than one million African-American soldiers who served in the United States armed forces during World War II.
African American Women during WW2
Learn about the contributions and success the African American Woman had during World War 2.