African American History
1878 to 1918
July 4, 1881 - Tuskegee Normal School for Colored Teachers founded - Renamed Tuskegee Institute in 1937 - Elevated to university status in 1985
1883 - Civil Rights Cases
The Civil Rights Cases of 1883 combined five different cases that revolved around the 1875 Civil Rights Act, which guaranteed all persons the enjoyment of transportation facilities, in hotels and inns and in theaters and places of public amusement regardless of race, color or previous condition of servitude.
PROMO: Landmark Cases - Civil Rights Cases (C-SPAN)
For our second episode of the season, we'll explore the Civil Rights Cases of 1883. The decision struck down the Civil Rights Act of 1875, a federal law that granted all people access to public accommodations like trains and theaters, regardless of race. Justice John Marshall Harlan, known as The Great Dissenter, cast the lone vote in opposition, and his dissent eventually eclipsed the legacy of the majority opinion. Find more information here: http://landmarkcases.c-span.org/Case/...
1883, the Supreme Court took up five cases all filed by African Americans claiming refusal of access to hotels, theaters, restaurants and trains -- access they ...
Civil Rights Cases of 1883
Civil Rights Cases, 109 U.S. 3 (1883) ... Since they apply only to government actions, the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments are not an appropriate basis for ...
1890 - First Poll Tax Passed
A poll tax is a tax of a fixed sum on every liable individual, without reference to income or resources. Wikipedia
The Injustice of the Poll Tax and Why It Took a Constitutional Amendment to Stop It ... In the aftermath of the Civil War, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866, quickly ... By 1890, Mississippi had inaugurated the first of the constitutional ..
A poll tax is generally considered a fee paid for the right to vote. ... In 1870, Congress passed the 15th Amendment which declared citizens ... of the 147,000 voting-age African Americans were registered to vote after 1890.
Elizabeth Blackwell | John Hancock | The Poll Tax: Twenty-Fourth Amendment Ratified. ... I do not wish to give [women] a first place, still less a second one—but the ... In the 1890s, the Populist party momentarily succeeded in uniting poor black ... in the 1940s, the House of Representatives passed anti-poll tax legislation, ...
poll tax before they could cast a ballot. A “grandfather clause” excused some poor whites from payment if they had an ...
Mrs. Guilford, 94, reflects on poll taxes, literacy tests and new efforts to limit voting
Dorothy Guilford has a simple message for politicians who enact laws making it harder for minorities, the poor and the elderly to vote: “I don’t think that’s right.” She should know. She’s seen it all before. Born in 1920 in Montgomery, Alabama, Guilford lived through most of the Jim Crow years, when laws discouraged African Americans like her, as well as poor white people, from voting. When she first became eligible to vote, she had to take a literacy test and pay a poll tax of $1.50, a sum worth about $25 today. Anyone who couldn’t read or couldn’t pay the tax, which accumulated, couldn’t vote. Most white voters, however – those whose ancestors were on the voting rolls prior to the Civil War – were exempt from the test.
1892 - Ida B. Wells Launches Her Anti-Lynching Crusade
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett was an American investigative journalist, educator, and early leader in the civil rights movement. She was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Wikipedia
As a young woman growing up during Reconstruction, Ida B. Wells experienced Jim Crow segregation when she was barred from travel on a train in the ...
TED-Ed: How one journalist risked her life to hold murderers accountable - Christina Greer
Ida B. Wells was an investigative journalist, civil rights leader, and anti-lynching advocate who fought for equality and justice. -- In the late 1800’s, lynchings were happening all over the American South, often without any investigation or consequences for the murderers. A young journalist set out to expose the truth about these killings. Her reports shocked the nation, launched her journalism career and a lifelong pursuit of civil rights. Christina Greer details the life of Ida B. Wells and her tireless struggle for justice. Lesson by Christina Greer, directed by Anna Nowakowska.
Ida B. Wells | Activist for African-American Justice | Biography
Ida Bell Wells (July 16, 1862 to March 25, 1931), better known as Ida B. Wells, was an African-American journalist, abolitionist, and feminist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the United States in the 1890s. She went on to found and become integral in groups striving for African-American justice. #Biography
Ida B. Wells Crusader For Human Rights | Timeline
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett was an American investigative journalist, educator, and an early leader in the civil rights movement. She was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Content owned and licensed from Canamedia to Little Dot Studios. All enquiries, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Ida B. Wells ... Portrait of Ida B. Wells, ca. 1893. ... Significance: African-American journalist and activist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the ...
I've Done my Work: Ida B. Wells and The Women Pushing Back Today
Join us for a live episode of The United States of Anxiety: Gender and Power as WNYC’s Kai Wright explores the life of Ida B. Wells and her decision as a young woman activist to take on a deadly fight, and not let up. It was barely a generation after the Civil War when Wells - then a young journalist - dared to expose dangerous truths about lynching in the United States. Southern whites were so rattled by her writing, they burned down Wells’ Memphis newspaper. Forced into exile, she expanded her work into a long pamphlet called Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases, focused on anti-black terrorism in America.
This lesson highlights Ida B. Wells, who worked tirelessly for racial justice in the South, especially concerning lynching. At the end of the lesson, students will be able to: ... use Wells' story to write about a personal experience of conformity or non-conformity.
July 9, 1893 - Daniel Hale Williams successfully performs first heart operation
Daniel Hale Williams was an American general surgeon, who in 1893 performed the first documented, successful pericardium surgery in the US to repair a wound. Wikipedia
First Open-Heart Surgery - Decades TV Network
Dr. Daniel Hale Williams was one of the few African-American surgeons of the early 1890s. He performed the first successful open-heart surgery at Provident Hospital in Chicago in 1893. James Cornish arrived at Provident with a stab wound to the chest on July 9. Dr. Williams' training and instincts led him to the unprecedented and experimental surgery of cracking open the chest and sewing up a gash in the sac around the heart. Cornish not only survived but outlived Dr. Williams.
Black American Innovation-Dr.Daniel Hale Williams (The Father Of Open Heart Surgery)
Dr.Daniel Hale Williams was the first to perform a open heart surgery. He also went to open Provident Hospital for African Americans. Hosted by Phillip Scott Forward Us News Stories email@example.com
Dr. Daniel Hale Williams First Black Heart Surgeon In America | Timeline
Daniel Hale Williams (January 18, 1856 – August 4, 1931) was an American general surgeon, who in 1893 performed the first documented, successful pericardium surgery in the United States to repair a wound. He founded Chicago's Provident Hospital, the first non-segregated hospital in the United States and also founded an associated nursing school for African Americans. The heart surgery at Provident, which his patient survived for the next twenty years, is referred to as "the first successful heart surgery" by Encyclopedia Britannica. In 1913, Williams was elected as the only African-American charter member of the American College of Surgeons.
4th Grade Mini-Unit of Study. Sewed Up His ... (Blood). Lesson 1, Day 1. 2 ... Daniel Hale Williams was a pioneering heart surgeon at a time in history when.
Daniel Hale Williams (Jan. 18, 1856 – Aug. 4, 1931), an African-American surgeon and hospital founder, was born in Holliday, Pa., and went to school there and ...
CC2017 Poster Competition • Daniel Hale Williams, MD: “A Moses in the profession” • 25. © 2017 by the ... The facility had plans to move to a much larger 65-bed facility the next year. But the hospital ... The lesson was that a penetrating injury ...
May 18, 1896 - Plessy v. Ferguson
Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537, was a landmark decision made by the U.S. Supreme Court that codified the constitutional doctrine for racial segregation laws. In the eyes of the court as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, African-Americans could be served separately from the white population. Wikipedia
Sound Smart: Plessy v. Ferguson | History
Historian Yohuru Williams talks about the Plessy v. Ferguson case and its effects on the Civil Rights Movement.
Plessy v. Ferguson | BRI’s Homework Help Series
How did the odious doctrine of “separate but equal” become legally permissible in the U.S.? This Homework Help narrative explores the story of the Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court case. (Please note: an earlier version of this video contained an incorrect image. We have fixed this error.) Access our viewing guide for this Homework Help video here: https://billofrightsinstitute.org/ele... Additional Resources: Supreme Court DBQ: Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) https://resources.billofrightsinstitu... African Americans in the Gilded Age https://resources.billofrightsinstitu... Supreme Court DBQ: Brown v. Board of Education (1954) https://resources.billofrightsinstitu...
Plessy v. Ferguson decision upheld the principle of racial segregation ...
LEARNING OBJECTIVES. Define the “Separate Car Act.” Describe the 14th Amendment right to equal protection under the law. Identify the main arguments put forth in the case. Describe the Supreme Court's decision and analysis. Identify the impact of the Court's decision on the issue of segregation.
Plessy v Ferguson (1896)
After the slaves were declared free by the 13th Amendment, life for the Freedmen was made difficult by a series of laws designed to remind Freedmen that they were less than White People. The main idea of these laws was to segregate people based on the color of their skin. Homer Plessy challenged this law all the way to the Supreme Court. Get the Worksheet Here: https://etsy.me/2Tae0r0
Separate But Equal: Homer Plessy and the Case That Upheld the Color Line
Black History in Two Minutes (or so) https://blackhistoryintwominutes.com In June of 1882, a 30-year-old shoemaker by the name of Homer Plessy of New Orleans led a revolution that aimed to overturn Jim Crow segregation laws. Plessy, who was said to be 1/8 black, entered the white’s only car while on a train. When asked to move to the colored car, Plessy refused. Following his arrest, a group of citizens used his arrest to fight Jim Crow segregation laws. Facing defeat at every turn, the battle raged on all the way up to the Supreme Court in the 1896 case, Plessy v. Ferguson.
U.S. Supreme Court affirms “separate but equal” principle (Plessy v. Ferguson). 18. May. 1896. no. The Supreme ...
1898 - Louisiana Disenfranchises All African Americans
Unit Two: Louisiana Purchase through the Battle of New Orleans. ○ Unit Two ... The Code's 54 articles regulated the status of slaves and free blacks, as well as relations ... Under Choiseul's plan, Britain would gain all French territory east of the Mississippi, ... separated the races and disenfranchised African-Americans.
Her teaching and research interests include African American, Women's, and Southern history. ... Both de jure and de facto segregation of free African Americans in public ... the white supremacists determined to reassign all black people a subordinate ... Disenfranchisement laws, like those from the 1898 Louisiana state ...
September 18, 1898 - Booker T. Washington: First African American To Address a Racially-Mixed Southern Audience
Booker Taliaferro Washington was an American educator, author, orator, and adviser to several presidents of the United States. Between 1890 and 1915, Washington was the dominant leader in the African American community and of the contemporary black elite. Wikipedia
Booker T. Washington
Be Woke Presents Black History in Two Minutes (or so) https://blackhistoryintwominutes.com In 1872, Booker T. Washington traveled 500 miles on foot to the Hampton Institute in Virginia. That journey, in turn, laid the foundation — not only for his own education — but his life’s mission to empower and compel black people to invest in industrial education. Washington’s bright mind and forward thinking led him to become the principal and leader at the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama in 1881. He would go on to gain national notoriety as a lecturer and influencer. While the content of his speeches promoted black growth at its heart, it would be a speech in 1895, the “Atlanta Compromise,” that rattled many black followers. In this episode of Black History in Two Minutes or So hosted by Henry Louis Gates Jr. — with additional commentary from Farah Griffin of Columbia University, Shawn Alexander from the University of Kansas, Chad Williams of Brandeis University, Kimberlé Crenshaw of UCLA and Columbia law schools, and Hasan Jeffries of Ohio State University — we honor the legacy of Washington. The celebrated orator and author’s contributions are still felt in society today, and he’s a visionary who recognized that investing in ourselves would lead to successes unseen.
Booker Taliaferro was the son of an unknown White man and Jane, an enslaved cook of James Burroughs, a small ...
Title of Lesson: W.E.B. DuBois, Booker T. Washington, and Jim Crow ... Review Individualized Education Plans, 504 Plans, and Gifted or ELL Plans for ...
Booker T. Washington and His Racial Politics - Fast Facts | History
Born a slave, Booker T. Washington became one of the most celebrated educators and orators in the world. Find out more about his life and work in this video. Explore the life of Booker T. Washington: http://www.history.com/topics/black-h...
Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: Who was a stronger advocate for African Americans, Booker T. Washington ...
Booker T. Washington: The Life and the Legacy [Historical Speeches TV]
Find out more about this film, featured in "The Unwritten Record," the National Archives blog of the Special Media Archives Services Division: ... Title: Booker T. Washington: The Life and Legacy Directed by William Greaves for the National Park Service Creator(s): Department of the Interior. National Park Service. Harpers Ferry Center. (11/1/1969 - ) (Most Recent) Series: Moving Images Relating to National Parks, 1970 - 1990 Record Group 79: Records of the National Park Service, 1785 - 2006 Contact(s): National Archives at College Park - Motion Pictures (RDSM), National Archives at College Park, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001 Phone: 301-837-3540, Fax: 301-837-3620, Email: Local Identifier: 79-HFC-242 National Archives Identifier: 44263876
1899 - Scott Joplin Helps Launch Ragtime
Scott Joplin was an American composer and pianist. Joplin achieved fame for his ragtime compositions and was dubbed the "King of Ragtime". During his brief career, he wrote over 100 original ragtime pieces, one ragtime ballet, and two operas. Wikipedia
Scott Joplin was the most sophisticated and tasteful ragtime composer of the era. But he aspired to more. His goal was to be a successful composer for the lyric ...
Died: April 1, 1917
Place of birth: Texarkana
The Incredible Story of America's First Pop Star
Ragtime: The First “American” Music? Ellen Wilson: Sports and Popular Culture. Skill: Elementary School Time Required: One to two ...
'Original Rags' SCOTT JOPLIN (1899) Ragtime Piano Roll Legend
https://ragtimedorianhenry.com/ Original Rags composed by SCOTT JOPLIN. Version for my pianola.
Check out this lesson from a classroom teacher who uses Common Sense Education. It's part of a huge library of lessons that span grades K–12 and every ...
Students explore the evolution of ragtime and swing music. Concepts/Objectives: Students will understand and appreciate ragtime and swing jazz styles and the jazz masters who created them.
Ragtime was the direct precursor to jazz. B. Primarily a solo piano style7 ... C. Ragtime reflected both African and European musical traditions ...
1900 - Black National Anthem
The accompanying music was written by John Rosamond Johnson. This hymn is often known as the “Negro National Anthem” or the “Black National Anthem.”.
Why we "Lift Every Voice and Sing" | The story behind the 'black national anthem'
With so much debate around the national anthem recently, we thought it was time to revisit the historic meaning of "Lift Ev'ry and Sing," the song unofficially known as the 'black national anthem.' theGrio's Deputy Editor, Natasha Alford, breaks down the story behind the 100+ year old hymn and its meaning to our culture. Read more here: http://thegrio.com/2017/10/07/why-we-...
LIFT EVERY VOICE AND SING by Ray Charles
From THE DICK CAVETT SHOW. September 18, 1972. The Raelettes are: Vernita Moss, Susaye Green, Mable John, Dorothy Berry, & Estella Yarbrough.
Alicia Keys sings Black National Anthem
News 8's Neda Iranpour talks about what's trending.
Why 'Lift Every Voice and Sing' is known as the Black National Anthem?
The song was first performed in public in 1900 during a celebration of President Lincoln. . 11Alive is Where Atlanta Speaks. We believe that news shouldn’t be a one-way conversation, but a dialogue with you. Join in, share your thoughts and connect with new perspectives.
Lift ev'ry voice and sing
'Til earth and heaven ring
Ring with the harmonies of Liberty
Let our rejoicing rise
High as the list'ning skies
Let it resound loud as the rolling sea
Sing a song full of the faith that the dark past has taught us
Sing a song full of the hope that the present has brought us
Facing the rising sun of our new day begun
Let us march on 'til victory is won
Stony the road we trod
Bitter the chastening rod
Felt in the days when hope unborn had died
Yet with a steady beat
Have not our weary feet
Come to the place for which our fathers sighed?
We have come over a way that with tears has been watered
We have come, treading our path through the blood of the slaughtered
Out from the gloomy past
'Til now we stand at last
Where the white gleam of our bright star is cast
God of our weary years
God of our silent tears
Thou who has brought us thus far on the way
Thou who has by Thy might
Led us into the light
Keep us forever in the path, we pray
Lest our feet stray from the places, our God, where we met Thee
Lest, our hearts drunk with the wine of the world, we forget Thee
Shadowed beneath Thy hand
May we forever stand
True to our God
True to our native land
Songwriters: J. Rosamond Johnson / James Johnson
Lift Every Voice and Sing lyrics © Carlin America Inc, Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC
January 6, 1902 - Joe “Gans” Gant wins the World Lightweight Boxing Title
Joe Gans (born Joseph Gant; November 25, 1874 – August 10, 1910) was an American professional boxer. Gans was rated the greatest Lightweight boxer of all-time by boxing historian and Ring Magazine founder, Nat Fleischer. Known as the "Old Master", he became the first African-American World Boxing Champion of the 20th century, reigning continuously as World Lightweight Champion from 1902–1908, having defended the title against 13 boxers. He was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1990.
Joe Gans became the first American-born, black sports champion when, in 1902, he won the world lightweight boxing title in Fort Erie, Canada, with a ...
Jan 16, 2016 — When Gans retired from the ring in 1910, he had held the world lightweight champion from 1902 to 1908 and had over one hundred and fifty ...
Jul 22, 2020 — Joe Gans was born "Joseph Gant" (although most later sources claim ... boxing historian Gilbert Odd lists Gans as champion from 1902-1908.
After gaining revenge over Erne and winning the world lightweight title on May 12 1902, Gans remained champion for six years. He took on the best challengers ...
Joe Gans became the greatest Lightweight boxer of all-time in 1902 when he defeated the former World Welterweight Champion Eddie Connolly. He also was ...
Joe Gans.1891-1910. Greatest Lightweight Champion of all times. Judging The fighters on this list
Joe GANS vs Battling NELSON 1906 In FULL COLOR
At the time this fight took place this was the biggest most talked about fight to ever take place on American soil. Its a shame that the film of this fight like so many films of the great fights of the past. More effort had been put toward the care and long term preservation of the original film stocks
1903 - W. E. B. DuBois Publishes The Souls of Black Folk
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was an American sociologist, socialist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, writer and editor. Wikipedia
Educator, essayist, journalist, scholar, social critic, and activist W.E.B. DuBois, was born to Mary Sylvina Burghardt and Alfred Dubois on February ...
W.E.B. Du Bois: Activist Leader in Niagara Movement & Co-Founder of the NAACP | Biography
Watch a short video biography of W.E.B Du Bois, the black scholar and activist who led the Niagara Movement and cofounded the NAACP. #Biography #WebDubois #BlackHistoryMonth
Cornel West - The Historical Philosophy of W.E.B. Du Bois - Class
The Historical Philosophy of W.E.B. Du Bois Dartmouth College, ENGL 53.40 – Summer 2017 Cornel West Week 4 Science, Empire and the Meaning of Progress The Souls of Black Folk, pp 405-438 Dusk of Dawn, pp 590-624 Course Description: This course will examine the historical philosophy of the towering Black scholar and great freedom fighter of the 20th Century. We shall engage in close readings of Du Bois’ classic work, “The Souls of Black Folk” (1903) as well as subsequent essays in his magisterial corpus, especially his classic autobiography, “Dusk of Dawn” (1940)
W.E.B. Du Bois was a founding member of the NAACP.
From Souls of Black Folk, Our Spiritual Strivings, Chapter I. Then it dawned upon me with a certain suddeness that I was different from the others; or like [them ...
An Introduction to W.E.B Du Bois' The Souls of Black Folk- Macat Sociology Analysis
W.E.B. Du Bois’ The Souls of Black Folk is one of the most influential works ever written in the field of sociology. This short video from Macat explains the timely ideas in the work in only a few minutes.
The Souls of Black Folk by W. E. B. DU BOIS read by toriasuncle | Full Audio Book
The Souls of Black Folk by W. E. B. DU BOIS (1868 - 1963) Genre(s): *Non-fiction, History , Music Read by: toriasuncle in English
Study the African American experience with The Souls of Black Folk, a series of ... Use the text, discussion questions, and related learning activities to study the ...
1903 - Madame C.J. Walker, African American Woman Starts A Business Which Will Make Her a Millionaire
Madam C.J. Walker was an African American entrepreneur, philanthropist, and political and social activist. She is recorded as the first female self-made millionaire in America in the Guinness Book of World Records. Wikipedia
Meet the First Self-Made Female Millionaire
Madam C.J. Walker was suffering from poverty and hair loss when she decided to concoct a hair regrowth lotion to heal her damaged scalp. Fast forward a handful of years and millions of dollars later, Walker was leading one of the most successful, and philanthropic, cosmetic companies to date.
1. VALUES WHIP/GROUP DISCUSSION. Ask the students to think about what they want to be when they grow up. · 2. MINI-LECTURE. Talk about how they think ...
Inspiring Story of one of America's First African American Millionaires
February is Black History Month in the United States. The annual, month-long national observance pays tribute to important people and events that shaped the history of African Americans. VOA's Chris Simkins introduces us to a woman who grew up on a former slave plantation, fought against discrimination and went on to become one of the nation's first African American millionaires. Originally published at - http://www.voanews.com/a/3710719.html
In this lesson, students will examine events in the life of Madam C. J. Walker, analyzing both her identity and her contributions to American identity. Founding ...
1903 - Chicago Defender, Chicago's First African American Newspaper, Launched
The Chicago Defender is a Chicago-based online African-American newspaper. It was founded in 1905 by Robert S. Abbott and was once considered the "most important" newspaper of its kind. Wikipedia
Civil Rights Activist Timuel Black Remember The Chicago Defender After Its Last Printing
After more than a century, the Chicago Defender, the iconic news outlet for African Americans in Chicago and beyond, printed its last copy. It will be continuing only as a digital operation.
After more than a century, The Chicago Defender will cease its print editions after Wednesday, the newspaper's owner has announced.
The Legacy of the Chicago Defender
July 17th, 2019, marked the first week without a print edition of the Chicago Defender in more than 114 years. Though the legendary Black newspaper continues to publish online, the end of its print run has prompted a reckoning with the crucial role the paper has played in the lives of many Black Americans. Myiti Sengstacke-Rice, a fifth-generation member of the family that began publishing the Defender in 1905, is one of those reflecting. Her book on the Defender covers the impact the paper had, from providing a platform for writers like Langston Hughes and Gwendolyn Brooks, to assisting the Great Migration. Join Rice and Chicago Tonight correspondent Brandis Friedman for a discussion on the power of the Black press, and the future of her family's legacy.
Chicago Defender, which was founded by Robert S. Abbott on May 5, 1905, once heralded itself as "The World's Greatest Weekly." The newspaper was the ...
America's First Black Media Mogul | Robert Sengstacke Abbott | Black History Documentary
Black History | Robert Sengstacke Abbott This black business documentary profiles successful African American entrepreneur Robert Sengstacke Abbott, publisher of the Chicago Defender newspaper. A self made millionaire, Mr. Abbott was one of the richest black men in America. Did you enjoy this black history documentary? SUBSCRIBE: https://bit.ly/2II5UUn
Dorie Ladner on the Chicago Defender
When SNCC veteran Dorie Ladner visited the NMAAHC, the section on the Chicago Defender evoked memories of how she received the paper while growing up near Hattiesburg, Mississippi and the impact of the paper. This is one of many examples of how the objects at NMAAHC open the door to more stories from history. September 17, 2016.
In the first half of the 20th century, the Chicago Defender newspaper helped draw tens of thousands of African Americans to Chicago and make the city their ...
Chicago Defender is a Chicago-based weekly newspaper founded in 1905 by Robert S. Abbott for primarily African-American readers. Historically, The ...
December 26, 1908 - Jack Johnson becomes World Heavyweight Champion
John Arthur Johnson, nicknamed the "Galveston Giant", was an American boxer who, at the height of the Jim Crow era, became the first Black American world heavyweight boxing champion. Wikipedia
PBS - Ken Burns: Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson
Jack Johnson — the first African-American Heavyweight Champion of the World, whose dominance over his white opponents spurred furious debates and race riots in the early 20th century — enters the ring once again in Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson, a provocative new PBS documentary by acclaimed filmmaker Ken Burns.
The two-part film shows the gritty details of Johnson's life through archival footage, still photographs, and the commentary of boxing experts such as Stanley Crouch, Bert Sugar, the late George Plimpton, Jack Newfield, Randy Roberts, Gerald Early and James Earl Jones, who portrayed Johnson in the Broadway play and film based on Johnson's life, "The Great White Hope."
May 24, 2018 — Boxer Jack Johnson, who was the first black world heavyweight champion, has received a posthumous presidential pardon after years of ...
The boxer that is still remembered as the greatest defensive boxer in heavyweight history was born in Galveston, Texas, in 1878. Johnson dropped out of school ...
Johnson traveled around the world publicly taunting the reigning champion Tommy Burns who had been awarded the title when James Jeffries had ...
Jack Johnson - A Legend Never Dies
Johnson's life is a plot for an Oscar-winning movie. Here you will have everything: need, humiliation, will, character, success, personal leopard, golden canes, chic cars, romantic relationship with cult women of that time, three marriages on white women. And most importantly: the dislike of all-white America. Dislike for trampled values, dislike for the champion title taken from the white, dislike for the fact that the best white women shared a bed with him. Dislike, for his truly unique boxing skills, for an inimitable smile, for chic outfits. In general, John was one of the first to fulfill the “American dream”: from an ordinary black child of former slaves, he grew up to a world boxing star with all the consequences: cars, apartments, and money-money-money.
Jack Johnson Tribute and Fight Highlights In Color
1909 - NAACP Established
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is a civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 as an interracial endeavor to advance justice for African Americans by a group including W. E. B. Du Bois, Mary White Ovington, Moorfield Storey and Ida B. Wells. Wikipedia
2015 NAACP Founders Day
The NAACP was founded February 12, 1909 by brave Americans who answered a call against injustice. Learn who they were and see the work today of the NAACP, as we continue to fight for social justice.
NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. is America's premier legal organization fighting for racial justice. learn more.
The NAACP is an organization established in 1909 by a bi-racial group of men and women. ... Civil Rights Movement Lesson Plans, Wisconsin Historical Society.
The Founding of the NAACP
In 1909 civil rights activists and reformers gather in New York to create a multicultural organization to fight the civil injustices facing African Americans.
In this lesson students learn how Birth of a Nation reflected and influenced racial attitudes, and they analyze and evaluate the efforts of the NAACP to prohibit ...
1909 - Matthew Henson: First African American Reaches North Pole
Matthew Alexander Henson was an American explorer who accompanied Robert Peary on seven voyages to the Arctic over a period of nearly 23 years. They spent a total of 18 years on expeditions together. Wikipedia
Who Was the First Person to Reach the North Pole? | National Geographic
Reaching the North Pole is no small feat. While many believe the first person to accomplish this daunting task was either Robert Peary or Frederick Cook, the title might actually belong to an African American explorer named Matthew Henson. ➡ Subscribe: http://bit.ly/NatGeoSubscribe
Explore the concept of courage with your class by reading a ... Their goal was to be the first people to reach the North Pole ... during his Arctic exploration and in his daily life as an African American. ... Allow students to demonstrate what they have learned by choosing one of the following written activities:
The Legacy of Arctic Explorer Matthew Henson. This African-American explorer was the first man to stand on top of the world. ByJames Mills.
Matthew Henson (1866-1955) ... Matthew Henson was an American explorer who accompanied Robert Peary, most famously on an expedition ...
A Dash to the North Pole (1909) - extract | BFI National Archive
A Dash to the North Pole (1909) - extract | BFI National Archive. Subscribe: http://bit.ly/subscribetotheBFI. This film footage of the Ziegler North Pole expedition was reissued in Britain by Charles Urban in 1909 when all things Polar were of almost obsessive interest to the British film-going public. This film shows an early American attempt on the North Pole filmed by expedition leader Anthony Fiala. It shows the expedition ship S.S. America travelling through pack ice and attempting to land and features shots of the expedition members with their dog sleds on the ice. (Bryony Dixon, BFI National Archive) All titles on the BFI Films channel are preserved in the vast collections of the BFI National Archive. To find out more about the Archive visit http://www.bfi.org.uk/archive-collect...
Matthew Alexander Henson ... On April 6, 1909, U.S. citizens Matthew Alexander Henson and Robert Edwin Peary, and four Inuit assistants, became the first human ...
1910-1920 - The Great Migration
The Great Migration, sometimes known as the Great Northward Migration or the Black Migration, was the movement of 6 million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest and West that occurred between 1916 and 1970. Wikipedia
Sound Smart: The Great Migration | History
Historian Yohuru Williams explains what you need to know to sound smart about the Great Migration of African Americans from the South to the North after the Civil War.
Students will learn about the Great Migration through discussion, analyzing primary sources in cooperative groups, watching a TED Talk, and reading an excerpt of a secondary source.
More than 6 million African-Americans moved from the South to cities in the Northeast and Midwest between 1915 and 1970. Pulitzer ...
The Great Migration was the mass movement of about five million southern blacks to the north and west between 1915 and 1960. During the ...
The Great Migration
At the outbreak of World War I, industries in the north open employment to African Americans. They leave the south in record numbers for jobs in the north.
This lesson uses Newark, New Jersey, as a case study of the Great Migration, the dramatic movement of African Americans from Southern states to Northern ...
The Great Migration would expose the racial divisions and disparities that in many ways continue to plague the nation and dominate headlines today, from ...
1911 - National Urban League Founded
The National Urban League, formerly known as the National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes, is a nonpartisan historic civil rights organization based in New York City that advocates on behalf of economic and social justice for African Americans and against racial discrimination in the United States. Wikipedia
Nolan Rollins' history with the Urban League
Nolan Rollins explains his accomplishments with the Urban League Host: Brandon I. Brooks
National Urban League records - The Civil Rights History Project: Survey of ... the activities of the national office and its relationship with affiliate leagues.
National Urban League at 95 (Part 1)
Established in 1910, The Urban League is the nation's oldest and largest community based movement devoted to empowering African Americans to enter the economic and social mainstream. In 2005, 95 years of hard work providing advocacy as well as direct services like job training, home ownership and educational assistance to millions was celebrated with this video.
National Urban League (NUL) is one of five civil rights organizations collectively known as the “Big Five.
1912 - Bessie Coleman, First Female African American Pilot
Bessie Coleman was an early American civil aviator. She was the first African-American woman and first Native-American to hold a pilot license. She earned her pilot license from the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale on June 15, 1921, and was the first black person to earn an international pilot's license. Wikipedia
The First Female African American Pilot
Bessie Coleman wanted to fly, and she wouldn't take no for an answer. As the first African American woman with a pilot's license, she proved her skill as a stunt pilot. From the Show: Black Wings http://bit.ly/2yRGO1b
Bessie Coleman was born in Texas on January 26, 1893. ... So Bessie traveled to france where she earned her pilots' license when Bessie ... EW Lesson Plans.
Bessie Coleman: The FIRST Female African-American Pilot | The History Guy | History at Home
Bessie Coleman is known as the first African-American female to earn a pilot’s license. #HISTORYAtHome
The following sections include grade-appropriate lesson plans and related ... to the history of African American aviation through the story of Bessie Coleman, ...
Bessie Coleman soared across the sky as the first African American, and the first Native American woman pilot. ·. · At age 23, Coleman went to live with her brothers ...
1912 - W.C. Handy 'Father of the Blues' Produces First Big Hit
William Christopher Handy was a composer and musician who referred to himself as the Father of the Blues. Handy was one of the most influential songwriters in the United States. Wikipedia
W.C. Handy - St. Louis Blues (1914)
W.c. Handy - St. Louis Blues Created: 1914
There was lots of other music around Florence and Handy caught the bug early, learning cornet as a teenager and, by 19, was teaching music. With natural ...
Learning the Blues. U.S. postage stamp honoring W. C. Handy issued on May 17, 1969. Photo caption ... Lesson Plan Details. Background. To prepare for this ...
Father of the Blues, W. C. Handy Birthplace
We were in Florence, Alabama to see the home of the Father of the Blues, W. C. Handy. His music introduced a vital musical form that still resonates today and helped to make him a wealthy and respected musician. Handy was born in this cabin on November 16, 1873. He grew up longing to play music. His parents disapproved but he persevered. After moving to St. Louis he heard this man say, I sure hate to see that evening sun go down. So thats where those words come from that he put in the St. Louis Blues. A legend was born.
W.C. Handy died wealthy and highly honored, after a long career throughout which he never stopped fighting for the dignity of ...
March 10, 1913 - Harriet Tubman Dies
Harriet Tubman was an American abolitionist and political activist. Born into slavery, Tubman escaped and subsequently made some 13 missions to rescue approximately 70 enslaved people, including family and friends, using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. Wikipedia
The breathtaking courage of Harriet Tubman - Janell Hobson
Take a closer look at the life of escaped slave and American icon Harriet Tubman, who liberated over 700 enslaved people using the Underground Railroad. -- Download a free audiobook version of "The Underground Railroad" and support TED-Ed's nonprofit mission: https://adbl.co/2LEl0sU Check out our full book recommendation: https://shop.ed.ted.com/collections/t... Escaping slavery; risking everything to save her family; leading a military raid; championing the cause of women’s suffrage; these are just a handful of the accomplishments of one of America’s most courageous heroes. Janell Hobson details Harriet Tubman's many fights for freedom. Lesson by Janell Hobson, directed by Yan Dan Wong.
'I Could Have Freed a Thousand More Slaves If They Knew They Were Slaves' | Harriet Tubman
American abolitionist and political activist, Harriet Tubman was born into slavery, escaped and rescued thousands of slaves, using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. #Biography
Harriet Tubman (MS Word document) · "Minty," in three lessons: · Reading: Aunt Harriet's Underground Railroad in the Sky (1st/2nd grade) (MS Word document).
Results 1 - 7 of 7 — Look through our teacher-crafted lesson plans and pre- and post- visit activities for materials that bring the stories of Harriet Tubman and the ...
1913 - President Wilson Authorizes Segregation Within Federal Government
President Wilson Permits Segregation Within The Federal Government
On April 11, 1913, recently inaugurated President Woodrow Wilson received Postmaster General Albert Burleson's plan to segregate the Railway Mail Service. Burleson reported that he found it “intolerable” that white and black employees had to work together and share drinking glasses and washrooms. This sentiment was shared by others in Wilson's administration. By the end of 1913, black employees in several federal departments had been relegated to segregated work areas, lavatories and lunchrooms, were appointed to menial positions or jobs slated for elimination. President Wilson defended racial segregation in his administration as in the best interest of blacks.
... first two Congresses of the Woodrow Wilson administration, the 63rd and 64th (1913–1917), Southerners introduced bills to segregate the federal civil service, ...
In 1912 Woodrow Wilson, the Democratic candidate for president, promised fairness and justice for blacks if elected. In a letter to a black church official, Wilson ...
As president, Wilson confronted a new generation of African American leaders who had begun to challenge their more conservative elders — and the ...
For the first time since the emancipation of slaves the government of this nation — the Presidency, the Senate, the House of Representatives — passes on the 4th ...
By promoting the Ku Klux Klan and overseeing segregation of the federal workforce, the 28th president helped erase gains African Americans ...
1915-1923 - George Washington Carver Revolutionized Farming
George Washington Carver was an American agricultural scientist and inventor who promoted alternative crops to cotton and methods to prevent soil depletion. He was the most prominent black scientist of the early 20th century. Wikipedia
"Struggle and Triumph: The Legacy of George Washington Carver"
This 28-minute film explores the life of George Washington Carver. The movie features Altorro Black as the adult George Washington Carver and Tyler Black as the young Carver, narration by Sheryl Lee Ralph, and music by Bobby Horton.
George Washington Carver "The Plant Doctor" Revolutionized Farming Industry | Biography
George Washington Carver was born into slavery but went on to become a botanist and one of the most prominent scientists and inventors of his time. Find out more about his life in this short biography. #Biography #GeorgeWashingtonCarver #PlantDoctor
GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER” by Raleigh H. Merritt – 1929 Biography of George washington Carver – text ... George Washington Carver Lesson Plans.
George Washington Carver: Bigger than peanuts
Thanks to Skillshare for sponsoring this video! The first 1,000 people who click this link will get two free months of Skillshare Premium: https://skl.sh/adamragusea12
George Washington Carver: An Uncommon Life
While George Washington Carver's rise from slavery to scientific accomplishment has inspired millions, time has reduced him to the man who did something with peanuts. This documentary uncovers Carver's complexities and reveals the full impact of his life and work.
Apr 22, 2020 — Discovering George Washington Carver- A Man of Character lesson plans are offered at three grade levels but may be adapted for grades Kindergarten through 8th grade. Lessons include fun activities exploring George Washington Carver's character.
George Washington Carver. Last updated: May ...
1916 - Inventor Garret Morgan rescues several, with his 'smoke hood' in a tunnel explosion under Lake Erie...Morgan was also the inventor of the 3 light traffic light.
Garrett Augustus Morgan, Sr. was an African-American inventor, businessman, and community leader. His most notable inventions were a three-position traffic signal and a smoke hood notably used in a 1916 tunnel construction disaster rescue. Wikipedia
Morgan was most famous for patenting the first traffic signal in the United States. Morgan, himself an automobile owner, witnessed a crash between a car and a ...
MORGAN, GARRETT A. (4 Mar. 1877 [sometimes given as 1879]-27 July 1963), was an important inventor and businessman active in the affairs of Cleveland's ...
Garrett Augustus Morgan died at the Cleveland Clinic on July 27, 1963, “after a lingering illness,” reported the popular African American ...
Date of death: July 27, 1963
Garrett Morgan for his three-position ...
Morgan patented his best-known invention, the three-way traffic signal. As an early enthusiast of automobiles, Morgan quickly ...
Garrett Augustus Morgan was born in Paris Kentucky to former slaves. His ingenuity was responsible for two life-saving inventions and his sense of justice ...
This Inventor Risked His Life on His Own Invention
In 1916, 32 men were trapped in a mine near Lake Erie. Garrett Morgan saw an opportunity to prove his fireproof hood worked - and went in to rescue them.
Garrett Morgan Achieving Despite Resistance (Animation)
Garrett August Morgan was an inventor at heart. Most of us see and use his most famous invention every day, the three-signal traffic light. After witnessing numerous motor vehicle accidents because there was no interval from Stop to Go, Morgan realized that drivers needed to have a warning position in-between. Thus, the three-signal stop light was born.
1916 - Marcus Garvey arrives in the United States
Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. ONH was a Jamaican political activist, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator. He was the founder and first President-General of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League, through which he declared himself Provisional President of Africa. Wikipedia
Marcus Garvey: Leader of a Revolutionary Global Movement
Be Woke Presents Black History in Two Minutes (or so) https://blackhistoryintwominutes.com Marcus Garvey was born in Jamaica and experienced the impacts of colonization at the hands of the British. As a result, he developed a passion for improving race relations and launched a Black Nationalism movement that would seek to elevate black people throughout the world. In 1914, Garvey created the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). This revolutionary social movement came at a time when black Americans were being lynched and ridiculed in the media. After immigrating to the United States in 1916, Garvey’s mission offered hope to black Americans with the promise of emigrating black people back to Africa. As his movement grew, the United States government monitored him. He was eventually arrested, convicted, and banned from entering the country. In this episode of Black History In Two Minutes or So hosted by Henry Louis Gates Jr., with additional commentary from Peniel Joseph of The University of Texas and Hasan Jeffries of Ohio State University, we take a closer look at Garvey’s legacy and his contribution to the largest black political movement ever.
Goals: Evaluate the concept of black nationalism. Understand the appeal of Marcus Garvey's “Back to Africa” movement. Identify other leading figures in the history of black nationalism. Assess the validity of black nationalism in the context of today's world.
Marcus Garvey: Black Nationalism - Fast Facts | History
Controversial crusader Marcus Garvey was determined to see African people take pride in and ownership of their race. Find out more about this legendary organizer in this video. Explore the life of Marcus Garvey: http://www.history.com/topics/black-h...
Marcus Garvey and the UNIA: What You Need To Know
Marcus Garvey is a well-known, historical figure. We know he was born in Jamaica on 17th August, 1887 and that he and his fist wife, Amy Ashwood Garvey, formed the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) on the island in 1914 then opened a branch in New York when he migrated there in 1916. What is perhaps less well-known is just how important the UNIA was and the extent to which it seized the hearts and minds of black people, not just in the USA but in Canada, the Caribbean, Central America, Africa and other places around the world as well. This video tells the story of the UNIA and of the achievements of a Jamaican boy, the great grandson of a slave, who grew into the man whose impact is still being felt today, almost 150 years after his birth.
Ultimately, I ended up creating my own lesson plan to teach my kids about Marcus Garvey. Our homeschool ...
Nov 6, 2016 · Uploaded by Educational Videos for Students (Cartoons on Bullying, Leadership & More)
1917 - East St. Louis Race Riots
The East St. Louis Riot was a series of outbreaks of labor- and race-related violence by White Americans who murdered between 40 and 250 African Americans in late May and early July 1917. Another 6,000 black people were left homeless, and the burning and vandalism cost approximately $400,000 in property damage. Wikipedia
East St. Louis Race Riots | Living St. Louis | Nine Network
From KETC, Living St. Louis Producer Jim Kirchherr looks back at the ethnic, political and social conflicts taking place in East St. Louis in the early 1900s. These tensions erupted into violence on July 1, 1917, after police officers were shot.
LESSON FIVE. Lesson Title: The East St. Louis Race Riot. Unit title: The East St. Louis Community. Grade Level: 9th and 10th Grades. Submitted by: Elena ...
East St. Louis, Illinois on July 1, 1917, a rumor spread claiming that a white man had been killed by a black man, and tensions boiled over. The next day, the ...
Louis when the conflict occurred. A smoldering labor dispute turned deadly as rampaging whites began brutally beating and killing African- ...
East St Louis Race Riots
The first week in July marks the 95th anniversary of one of the darkest events in the history of the St. Louis area. But it wasn't something thrown at us by Mother Nature. Rather, it was a failing of human nature. "The 1917 race riots which occurred in East St. Louis are one of those absolutely tragic, horrible, awful events that continue to compound our history," said Dr. Robert Archibald, president of the Missouri History Museum. And to this day, they are still considered the worst race riots the nation had ever seen.
In this essay, the author gives a short history of race riots, showing how they ... of Abraham Lincoln), Houston and East St. Louis had left scores of Blacks dead.
1917-1918 - World War I
More than 350,000 African Americans served in segregated units during World War I, mostly as support troops. Several units saw action alongside French soldiers fighting against the Germans, and 171 African Americans were awarded the French Legion of Honor.
World War I and Postwar Society - The African American ...
How WWI Changed America: African Americans in WWI
African Americans made substantial contributions in WWI, on both the front lines and the homefront. By 1920, nearly one million Black Americans left the rural South in a movement called The Great Migration which would transform the economic, social and political landscape of the U.S. This video is made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and is a partnership of the U.S. World War One Centennial Commission, the Doughboy Foundation and the National WWI Museum and Memorial as part of the teaching and learning resources of “How WWI Changed America.” View all the resources from “How WWI Changed America” at https://wwichangedus.org Have questions? Email us at firstname.lastname@example.org and for more information about the National WWI Museum and Memorial visit https://theworldwar.org
The Harlem Hellfighters | History
The Harlem Hellfighters were an African-American infantry unit in WWI who spent more time in combat than any other American unit. #HistoryChannel
To what extent did serving in WWI change how African Americans were treated in the United States? ... Lesson Plan Author: MMS. 11/13/09. Updated by ...
The lesson incorporates an online exhibition from the National World War I ... dated May 25, 1918 and including a short article on Needham Roberts & Henry Johnson ... one analysis worksheet for each folder (6 analysis worksheets in total).
The Experiences of African Americans in World War I. Body. WWI African-American Soldiers. Lesson Plan ...
Storied: African Americans in WW1, Part 1
During World War I, African Americans were asked to help make the world "safe for democracy" and contribute to the war effort, though they were denied equality at home. Join historians Peter DeCarlo of MNHS and Dr. Saje Mathieu of the University of Minnesota, as they explore this subject in this gripping series. To learn more about other stories from WW1, visit the WW1America exhibit at the Minnesota History Center, on view until Nov. 11, 2017. http://www.minnesotahistorycenter.org...
We Return Fighting: The African American Experience in World War I Exhibition
We Return Fighting will be a 4,200 sq. ft. temporary exhibition opening at the National Museum of African American History and Culture on December 13, 2019. The exhibition will have three sections, 26 themes, nine media pieces, a photography gallery, and an interactive engagement, anchored in nine African American historical luminary personalities. The exhibition will mainly interpret life experiences of African Americans during the World War I era (1913 to 1920)—with interpretations spanning from 1865 to 1963. Though the foundation of the exhibition will be the African American military experience from 1917 to 1919, the exhibition will mainly offer an inclusive non-military experience focusing on the social, cultural, political, economic and intellectual lives of African Americans before, during and after World War I.
African Americans served in segregated units during World War I, mostly as support troops. Several units saw action alongside French soldiers ...
May 15, 1918 - Henry Johnson Wins Croix de Guerre in World War I
William Henry Johnson, commonly known as Henry Johnson, was a United States Army soldier who performed heroically in the first African American unit of the United States Army to engage in combat in World War I. Wikipedia
The Battle of Henry Johnson | The Great War
Censorship prevents the naming of any American unit or soldier but because the 15th is serving with the French, they don’t come under censorship, and thus Henry Johnson and his fellow soldiers become some of the first American heroes of WWI. THE GREAT WAR premieres April 10 at 9/8c on PBS.
This lesson is appropriate for American History units on World War I and ... relates how Needham Roberts and Henry Johnson earned a French medal of honor ... in World War I. Please see the Resources section of this lesson plan for further ...
Henry Johnson suffered 21 wounds and rescued a soldier while repelling an enemy raid in the Argonne Forest in 1918 but died 11 years later a ...
The President Awards the Medal of Honor Posthumously to World War I Veterans
President Obama presents the Medal of Honor posthumously to Private Henry Johnson and Sergeant William Shemin, both of whom served courageously in World War I. June 2, 2015.
World War I content can assist in teaching diversity with lesson plans that ... Medal of Honor recipient Sgt. Henry Johnson of the 369th has an amazing story of ...